(P1) Checking emails at home is just part of the job for most Americans, who would also prefer to receive money rather than more paid vacation or sick days, according to a poll.

(P2) More than half of adults questioned in a 60 Minutes/Vanity Fair survey said checking emails outside office hours was ROUTINE, compared to 38 percent who said it was unnecessary.

(P3) But younger Americans were more willing to remain connected to work issues at home. Nearly 70 percent of employees under 30 years old said it wasn’t a problem but the number dropped to 52 percent for workers 30 and older.

(P4) “Americans are definitely WORKAHOLICS,” Cullen Murphy, editor-at-large for Vanity Fair, said in an interview. “Maybe the overall message of this poll is that there is a kind of BEDROCK faith in the idea that working hard pays off.”

(P5) Most Americans, given the choice when starting a new job, said they would prefer an extra $20,000 rather than four more weeks of vacation. Only 32 percent would OPT for the extra time.

(P6) Sixty three percent of U.S. workers said they would choose getting paid for leftover sick days, rather than having time off for them.

(P8) If Americans did have some SPARE TIME, 30 percent said they looked for work to do to occupy themselves and an equal number said they used the free hours to exercise.

(P9) “They not only look for things to do. They look for things to do that are work related,” said Murphy. “For me, it plays into a national characteristic of being busy, being productive, and improving yourself.”

(P10) Only 20 percent said they would use the free time to read.

(P11) If Americans could choose which kind of additional time off they could have, 26 percent said they wished they could take more vacations without kids and 23 percent would prefer more maternity/paternity leave.

(P12) But perhaps the most TELLING question in the poll was the choice of which animal was most like them. More than half selected worker bee, over butterfly or shark, and only four percent identified with SLOTH.

WORDS: 346



If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you rather have a higher salary, or more time off from work?
  3. How much vacation and sick time do you have at your current job? Do you use all of it?
  4. Every study shows that Americans are more focused on money and success, and Europeans and Latin Americans are more focused on living a happy and enjoyable life. What is the PREVAILING attitude in your country?
  5. During your spare time, what are your favorite activities?


What do the following expressions mean? Practice using each expression in a sentence; extra points if you can use it in conversation.

  • Spare time

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