WOMEN STILL FIGHTING FOR ACCEPTANCE IN INDIAN BUSINESS
(P1) If your family has been running a business for more than 100 years, it’s probably fair to assume that you will operate the business one day, too.
(P2) But not in the case of Indian industrialist and entrepreneur Rajshree Pathy. She was married at just 17, and as a woman was never expected to take over the family business.
(P4) “Either a well-educated son-in-law is brought in, or several male cousins will be brought in to run the business and carry on the family name,” says Ms Pathy.
(P5) Given that most Indian companies are family-owned, employing nearly half of the country’s workforce, and accounting for almost two-thirds of India’s economy, this will strike many as surprising.
(P6) But still in India, when it comes to a family business, it is men who inherit.
(P8) Nearly 30 years ago she was THROWN INTO the family business when her father died suddenly. As part of the sixth generation of the PSG Naidu Group, she had to take over the running of several educational and PHILANTHROPIC institutions in southern India.
(P10) Facing a DROUGHT, sugarcane production that year was down, so the workers were already struggling, but she asked the banks for time to gain control of the FLEDGLING sugar mill, and proved to them she could run a business.
(P11) “Once I figured it out, I ran two TEXTILE mills,” she says. “I built Rajshree Sugars entirely on my own. I actually completed it, [have] since built two more, acquired two, and also got into other businesses.”
(P12) Decades later, she has expanded the company into businesses ranging from education to energy. But it has not been easy.
(P13) While her parents never made her feel that they missed having a son, the society around them PITIED them for not having a male heir.
(P14) Ms Pathy says she always had a FIRE IN HER BELLY to prove to her parents that she was as good as any son they would have had.
(P15) She says her father believed in equal opportunities.
(P16) “He always encouraged my sister and me to be whatever we wanted to be… as opposed to other business families who would find the right son-in-law to take over the DYNASTY.”
(P17) Now there is more public discussion about the role of women in society, though most of it has been around making public places safer for women, and less about increasing women’s participation at the workforce.
(P19) Yet when it comes to actually running companies, family-owned or otherwise, women account for fewer than 1% of chief executives, according to a 2012 report.
(P20) Ms Pathy says things have changed – but only outside business families.
(P21) “Within business families, most women in business today are there by default because there are no sons,” she says.
(P22) “In a country as large as India there are very few women running industries. I can count them on five fingers – which is a real pity.”
(P23) Service sectors like banking and information technology may be different, but when it comes to manufacturing or engineering, there are very few women in top positions, she adds.
(P24) Ms Pathy also became the first woman president of the country’s sugar LOBBY and the regional industrial body.
(P25) Given that she runs a group of industries, and her husband’s family run another set of industries – does she think it will it be any different for her daughter?
(P26) “My son and daughter will have an equal opportunity to run the business I have built. But it’s their choice to make.”
(P27) Outside of her company, she regrets that society hasn’t changed much.
(P28) “It is still a FEUDAL society.”
(P30) “You need to prove your worth on the balance sheet – the company needs to be profitable. You are either successful or not successful, that’s all business understands AT THE END OF THE DAY.”
If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.
- Briefly summarize the content of the article in your own words.
- Are there many women in CEO and top management positions in your country? Do they still face many OBSTACLES?
- What advantages and disadvantages do women have in the business world?
- Do you feel more comfortable giving orders, or receiving orders?
- Are family-based businesses very common in your country?
EXPRESSIONS TO PRACTICE:
What do the following expressions mean? Practice using each expression in a sentence; extra points if you can use it in conversation.
- By default
- Throw into
- Back down
- Fire in her belly
- Board of directors
- Balance sheet
- At the end of the day