(P1) Warmer air, less-frigid water, and gravity may combine to make parts of Antarctica’s western ice sheet melt far faster than scientists had thought, raising sea levels much more than expected by the end of the century, according to a new study. New physics-based computer simulations forecast dramatic increases in melting in the vulnerable western edge of the continent, the AP reports. In a worst-case scenario, that could raise sea levels in 2100 by 18 to 34 inches more than an international panel of climate scientists predicted just three years ago. Even if the countries of the world control heat-trapping gasses at the moderate levels they pledged in Paris last year, it would still mean seas 3 to 12 inches higher than have been forecast, according to a study published Wednesday in the journal Nature.
(P2) By the year 2500, in the worst-case scenario, the simulations predict seas 42 feet higher—purely from Antarctic melt. “You’re remapping the way the planet looks from space with those numbers,” says study lead author Robert DeConto, a climate scientist at the University of Massachusetts. He warns that because of geological conditions, the East Coast could face sea level rises even higher than the global average. “North America has a lot to fear from ice loss from West Antarctica, which is where it all begins,” says DeConto, whose research looked at little-studied factors such as the effects of pooling water and the collapse of giant ice cliffs. (Another recent study found that the seas are rising at the fastest rate in at least 2,700 years.)
If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.
- Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
- Do rising sea levels concern you? Why or why not?
- Are you familiar with global warming?
- What can be done to prevent global warming and rising sea levels?
EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:
What do the following expressions or phrases mean?
- less-frigid (P1)
- Physics-based (P1)
- Heat-trapping (P1)
- Worst-case scenario (P2)
- Little-studied (P2)