(P1) He says he provided the tip that led to 1962 arrest.
(P2) In an interview recorded two weeks before his death, a former CIA agent claimed he had prevented a war by giving South African authorities a tip that led to the arrest of the “Black Pimpernel”—better known as Nelson Mandela. In March, 88-year-old Donald Rickard told film director John Irvin that when he was the US vice consul in Durban in 1962, African National Congress informants told him Mandela was visiting the city and he shared that information with police, leading to Mandela’s arrest at a roadblock as he tried to return to Johannesburg, the Times of London reports. The ANC leader spent the next 28 years in prison. An unrepentant Rickard said he and his CIA handlers saw Mandela as “a toy of the communists” who was completely controlled by the Soviet Union.
(P3) Rickard—who retired in 1978 and died on March 30, according to an obituary in the Pagosa Springs Sun—claimed Mandela was preparing to incite a communist rebellion against apartheid, which could have led to Moscow’s involvement. “If the Soviets had come in force, the United States would have had to get involved, and things could have gone to hell,” he said. “We were teetering on the brink here and it had to be stopped, which meant Mandela had to be stopped. And I put a stop to it.” Irvin’s movie about the months before the arrest, Mandela’s Gun, will debut at the Cannes Film Festival this week, the Guardian reports. An ANC spokesman called the news “a serious indictment” and accused the agency of interfering in South African politics to this day, reports the Telegraph. The CIA has declined to comment.
VOCABULARY: CIA, informant, roadblock, unrepentant, handlers, obituary, incite, apartheid, teetering, brink, indictment
If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.
- Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
- Have you ever been to South Africa? If yes, describe your experience. If no, do you want to visit there?
- Does your country have a similar agency like the CIA? If yes, describe the agency.
- When the movie, Mandela’s Gun, is released; do you plan to go see it? Why or why not?
- Why do you think the retired CIA agent, Donald Rickard, told the film director, John Irvin, about the Mandela?
EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:
What do the following expressions or phrases mean?
- Provided the tip (P1)
- “A toy of the communist” (P2)
- Gone to hell (P3)