Card games can help recovery from strokes

[Medical ★★★]

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(p1) A new report says playing card games can help stroke patients recover just as much as virtual reality games. Researchers conducted tests on 141 patients to determine whether gaming or traditional games was better at treating strokes. They found that playing cards, games like dominoes, and even throwing paper balls into a basket improved patients’ motor skills. Playing bingo or using a Wii games console also aided recovery. The researchers reported that if the task used to recover motor skills is intensive, repetitive and gets the hands and arms moving, it will help.

(P2) A stroke happens when the blood supply to the brain is cut off. It can lead to death. Stroke sufferers usually experience physical changes such as drooping face muscles, slurred speech and a loss of strength in the limbs. The researchers said it wasn’t clear if virtual reality games or traditional games helped sufferers more. A researcher said: “We…have the tendency to think that new technology is better than old-fashioned strategies, but sometimes that’s not the case. In this study, we found that simple recreational activities may be as effective as technology.”

WORDS: 185

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1606/160630-card-games-5.html

VOCABULARY: stroke, basket, motor skills, repetitive, sufferers, drooping, slurred, limbs, tendency

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like to play card games? Why or why not?
  3. Should more research be conducted to find a cure for stroke patients? Why or why not?
  4. Can you think of other games or exercises that use human motor skills?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many stroke sufferers were tested in the study?
  2. Dominos didn’t help patients improve. (T or F)
  3. Which body parts need to be in motion to help strike victims?
  4. How does a stroke occur?
  5. The people performing the study said technology is proven to be better than traditional games to treat stroke patients. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Just as much as (P1)
  • Aided recovery (P1)
  • Cut off (P2)
  • Old-fashioned (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://static.wixstatic.com/media/c56403_7a587a1665ff4788ae43af88352d4d6d.jpg_256

Turkey’s Helping Hands builds maternity and children’s hospital in Somalia

[Medical ]

SOMALI'DE KITLIK

(P1) A maternity and children’s hospital in Somalia’s capital built by a Turkish aid organization has opened.

(P2) Turkey’s Helping Hands International Humanitarian Aid Association laid the foundation of the hospital in 2011 and today the hospital building is completed, Sadık Danışman, the association of the president said on Thursday.

(P3) The 27,000-square meter hospital in Mogadishu has been stocked with equipment and medicines from Turkey.

(P4) The facility will provide operations, emergency, neonatal care, intensive care, and management services.

(P5) Danisman touched on the Humanium international child sponsorship NGO statistic that Somalia’s infant mortality rate is traumatically high “with an average of 180 deaths for every 1,000 births”.

(P6) Somali children mainly die from dehydration and illnesses like diarrhea, malaria, and pneumonia and cholera epidemics, Danışman added.

(P7) According to the Turkish Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD), Turkey has carried out humanitarian work across over 40 countries in four continents to help those in need after an earthquake, flood, fire, civil war or famine hit a region.

(P8) The total amount of Turkish aid for Somalia thus far has reached $500 million.

(P9) The UN has said an estimated 857,000 people inside Somalia are currently “in crisis and emergency conditions”, while almost two million Somalis suffer from food insecurity. Another million are refugees in neighboring countries.

WORDS: 210

SOURCE: http://www.dailysabah.com/education/2016/02/25/turkeys-helping-hands-builds-maternity-and-childrens-hospital-in-somalia

VOCABULARY: maternity, stocked, neonatal, mortality, dehydration, epidemics, humanitarian, insecurity

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think the infant mortality rate is high in Somalia?
  3. Does your country supply aid to other countries? If yes, explain in more detail.
  4. Do you think richer countries should provide more help to poorer countries? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What type of medical center was constructed in Somalia?
  2. Which nonprofit organization created the plans for the hospital?
  3. Which 5 services does the hospital give?
  4. Children in Somalia usually die from lack of hydration only. (T or F)
  5. How much money has Turkey donated to Somalia to date?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • laid the foundation (P2)
  • Humanium (P5 – non-profit organization)
  • Infant mortality rate (P5)
  • In crisis and emergency conditions (P9)

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Image source: AA Photo

Antidepressants for Kids, Teens Don’t Work

[Medical ★]

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(P1) A new study suggests that giving most antidepressants to kids and teens with depression is useless, and may even be harmful. Scientists took a look at 34 trials involving 14 antidepressants and 5,260 subjects with an average age of 9 to 18, the research study notes. Drugs studied included sertraline, sold under the brand name Zoloft, and escitalopram, or Lexapro. Findings? “The only one that is better than placebo and other drugs is Prozac [fluoxetine],” says the study’s lead author, reports the AP. Venlafaxine (Effexor), meanwhile, may actually pose a danger to youngsters: Subjects who took this drug showed an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and actual attempts compared to those who used placebos and five other antidepressants. The study was published in the Lancet journal.

(P2) Because of what researchers say is a dearth of reliable data, venlafaxine may not be the only antidepressant that could prove dangerous, leading to the scientists’ own caveat for this research: that the relatively small number of eligible studies they reviewed, the flawed design of some clinical trials, and misreported results may be masking the true risk involved with the studied antidepressants. The percentage of US youngsters up to age 19 taking antidepressants rose from 1.3% in 2005 to 1.6% in 2012 despite FDA warnings and psychological interventions still being encouraged as the first resort. “We recommend that children and adolescents taking antidepressants should be monitored closely,” a study co-author writes, “particularly at the beginning of treatment.” (Paxil, one of the drugs included in this research, was found to be unsafe for teens in a 2015 study.)

WORDS: 262

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226396/most-antidepressants-for-kids-teens-dont-work.html

VOCABULARY: antidepressants, brand name, placebo, youngsters, dearth, caveat, flawed, masking, interventions

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you agree or disagree that giving antidepressants to kids and teens may be harmful? Why?
  3. Why do people become depressed?
  4. Should drug companies perform more studies into the effects of their drugs? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many people and drugs were included in the new research?
  2. Zoloft and Sertraline are different drugs. (T or F)
  3. The people who are doing the research say the information trustworthy ?
  4. Which drug was discovered to pose a danger to teenagers in 2015?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • 34 trials (P1)
  • Pose a danger (P1)
  • Suicidal thoughts (P1)
  • Monitored closely (P2)

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Image source: by AP Photo/Darron Cummings, File http://www.newser.com/story/226396/most-antidepressants-for-kids-teens-dont-work.html

Heimlich maneuver

[Medical ]

76_abdominalthrust_heimlichmanoeuvre

(P1) Henry Heimlich invented the Heimlich maneuver, which is a first-aid procedure. You press on a person’s abdomen to remove something from that person’s windpipe when he or she is choking.

(P2) Doctor Heimlich is 96 years old now. He knows that his maneuver works, but he never used it – until now. He saved the life of a woman at the senior center in Ohio where they both live.

(P3) The doctor said that saving the woman’s life was a wonderful feeling.

WORDS: 82

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/heimlich-manoeuvre-level-2/

VOCABULARY: maneuver, first-aid, abdomen, windpipe, choking

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever used the Heimlich maneuver on someone? If so, describe the situation.
  3. Can you explain how the maneuver is done?
  4. Are there senior centers in your country? If so, do you know anyone living in one?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Henry Heimlich is the inventor of the maneuver. (T or F)
  2. How old is the doctor now?
  3. Dr. Heimlich saved the life of a co- worker. (T or F)
  4. Which State in the USA is the center located?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following phrases or expressions mean?

  1. Senior center (P2)

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Image Source: By TenarAiuola, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AbdominalThrust_HeimlichManoeuvre.jpg

72-year-old woman gives birth

[Medical ★★★]

4221396001_4888723155001_4888700057001-vs

(P1) A 72-year-old woman in India is celebrating the birth of her first child. Daljinder Kaur posed for photos for the Indian press last week. She was proudly holding her healthy baby boy Arman. She had been trying to have a baby for decades. She was under a lot of pressure during that time to start a family. Most people would have accepted their fate and resigned themselves to a life without children, but Daljinder persisted with her dream. She started attending a fertility clinic for IVF treatment in 2013 and successfully became pregnant last year.

(P2) Specialists initially had reservations about Daljinder because of her age. Dr. Anurag Bishnoi told reporters: “I first tried to avoid the case because she was very weak, but her medical reports were normal and she was fit to conceive.” He said his clinic had a good track record with older women. He added: “In Daljinder’s case, she looked visibly frail too, so I had to refer her to a cardiologist to get clearance for the procedure and for a battery of other tests.” Daljinder is over the moon. She said: “I can live happily now. My life is complete.” She is the oldest woman ever to give birth.

WORDS: 203

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1605/160515-childbirth-5.html

VOCABULARY: fate, resigned, fertility, conceive, frail, cardiologist, clearance, battery

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think it’s a good idea to have a baby at such an old age? Why or why not?
  3. Would you consider having a baby at such an old age? Why or why not?
  4. What are some of the pros and cons of having a baby at an older age, say over 50?
  5. What are you over the moon about? Why?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Under a lot of pressure (P1)
  • IVF treatment (P1)
  • Good track record (P2)
  • Over the moon (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://brightcove04.o.brightcove.com/4221396001/4221396001_4888723155001_4888700057001-vs.jpg?pubId=4221396001

High Blood Pressure – A Silent Killer

[Medical ★★★]

check-blood-pressure

(P1) According to the World Health Organization over a billion adults around the world suffer from high blood pressure. It is now taking steps to fight against what is called a silent killer. High blood pressure can lead to strokes and a heart attack.

(P2) Almost 10 million people die of these two diseases every year. They are the number one causes of death globally. High blood pressure also leads to kidney failure, blindness, and other illnesses. It often goes hand in hand with diabetes and obesity, which increases health risks even further.

(P3) As the WHO reports, people in developing countries in Africa suffer more from high blood pressure than people in developed countries. The reason is that health care in the developed world is much better organized and people go to the doctor soon enough.

(P4) High blood pressure should never be ignored and always taken seriously. It is a warning sign from your body that something is not OK. Although people may live with high blood pressure for years without even knowing it, it is important to check your blood pressure regularly and take the necessary steps.

(P5) The WHO says that you can reduce your blood pressure by changing your living habits. Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, avoiding alcohol and nicotine are some things that you can do without consulting a doctor.

WORDS: 222

SOURCE: http://www.english-online.at/health_medicine/high-blood-pressure/high-blood-pressure-silent-killer.htm

VOCABULARY: blood pressure, strokes, kidney, blindness, obesity, ignored, balanced diet, consulting

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you have high blood pressure? If so, how do you control it?
  3. How often do you think people should get a medical exam? Why?
  4. Do you live a healthy lifestyle? Why or why not?
  5. Do you think people living in developing countries become sick more often than developed countries? Why or why not?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • According to (P1)
  • Silent killer (P1)
  • Goes hand in hand (P2)
  • Developing vs. developed countries (P3)

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Image source: CREDIT WIKIMEDIA COMMONS http://ripr.org/post/women-and-infants-offers-palliative-care-cancer-clinic