France passes laws to cut plastic waste, donate unsold food

[Environment News ★★★]

uk-the-worst-offender-in-europe-s-22-million-tonne-food-waste-problem_strict_xxl

(P1) France has passed a set of landmark laws that will help significantly reduce plastic and food waste.

(P2) According to British newspaper The Independent, the law will ensure all plastic cups, cutlery, and plates are made of biologically-sourced materials and can be composted.

(P3) The newspaper said the law, which will come into effect in 2020, is part of the Energy Transition for Green Growth, an ambitious plan intended for the European country to play its role in tackling climate change.

(P4) While environment activists hail the legislation, opponents argue it has violated European Union rules on free movement of goods.

(P5) France has also passed a law banning supermarkets from throwing away or spoiling unsold food. Instead, stores will be required to donate it to charities and food banks.

(P6) The French Senate on Wednesday voted unanimously for the law after a petition launched by Courbevoie councilor Arash Derambarsh.

(P7) It will apply to any supermarket of 400 square meters or larger. Violators will be fined up to 3,750 euros.

WORDS: 166

SOURCE: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/world/2016/09/182_214165.html

VOCABULARY: landmark, cutlery, composted, tackling, hail, unanimously, petition

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you agree with the set of laws? Why or why not?
  3. Do you think all supermarkets should be required to donate unsold and spoiling food to food banks or other charities? Why or why not?
  4. Is the penalty fair for supermarkets if they violate the law? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many laws were passed?
  2. Which 3 things will have to be made of materials that can be composted?
  3. What will supermarkets have to do with food that is not sold or starting to go bad?
  4. The vote to pass the laws was almost even. (T or F)
  5. How much will supermarkets have to pay if they are caught disobeying the law?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • biologically-sourced (P2)
  • will come into effect (P3)
  • to play its role (P3)
  • apply to any supermarket (P7)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://tffchallenge-production.s3.amazonaws.com/media/posts/05e9f92a-95a7-11e5-8f0c-0670855d2669.jpg

New device keeps air in your house safe

[Environment News ★★]

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(P1) The company called Dyson has made an air cleaner for the home. It is called the Pure Cool Link. It catches up to 99.95 percent of dust, pollen, and smoke in the home. The cleaner needs one hour to clean the air in a room. It checks the air to keep it safe. This is good for people with allergies or asthma. The device also has an app.

(P2) Pollution is also a danger in the home. The company said: “We think it is polluted outside of our homes, but the air inside can be far worse.” The dust, pollen, and smoke inside the home cannot get out. The air can be five times dirtier inside the house than outside. The air cleaners will cost between $500 and $650.

WORDS: 129

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1604/160403-air-purifier-0.html

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Tell me 3 types of pollution?
  3. Do you have allergies? If so, what happens to you?
  4. Would you buy this air purifier? Why or why not?
  5. Are Dyson products sold in your country?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Catches up to (P1)
  • Keep it safe (P1)
  • Get out (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.gizmodo.co.uk/2016/03/dyson-pure-cool-link-tells-you-how-toxic-your-homes-air-is-then-fixes-it/