Week100

[Animals ★] People save a whale in Argentina

[Culture ★] Dangerous train game

[Animals ★★] Sloth comes to a Town

[Technology ★★] Facebook’s Internet drone

[Health ★★] Office workers need one hour of exercise a day

[Travel ★★★] Aviation Industry Will Need 617K New Pilots by 2035

[Sports ★★★] 19 of 31 Olympic Village Buildings Not Ready

[Business ★★★] Verizon to Buy Yahoo for $4.8B

[Technology ★★★★] A Plane Just Flew Around The World… Without A Single Drop Of Fuel

[Health ★★★★] Binge watching TV programs could kill you, according to Japanese scientists

Binge watching TV programs could kill you, according to Japanese scientists

[Health ★★★]

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(P1) Japanese scientists say that watching TV for hours can raise the risk of dying from a blood clot in the lungs.

(P2) Researchers studied the viewing habits of 86,000 people between 1988 and 1990 – then monitored their health over the next 19 years.

(P3) Bad news for fans of box sets, for every extra two hours of TV watched per day, the risk of fatal pulmonary embolism (PE) increased by 40%.

(P4) Watching five or more hours of TV programs each day made people more than twice as likely to die than those watching less than 2.5 hours.

(P5) PE is caused by a blockage in blood vessels in the legs that usually works its way up to the lungs. It’s also linked to slow movement.

(P6) The people behind the study warn against long TV sessions watching back to back episodes of your favorite series.

(P7) Co-author Dr. Toru Shirakawa, from Osaka University, said: “Nowadays, with online video streaming, the term ‘binge-watching‘ to describe viewing multiple episodes of television programs in one sitting has become popular. “This popularity may reflect a rapidly growing habit.”

(P8) The researchers recommend going for a walk and stretching every hour during TV time or play Pokemon Go, that’s a Newsbeat recommendation.

(P9) The study was conducted before mobile devices and streaming services became popular. The researchers said that more needs to be done to work out whether those technologies pose an even greater danger.

WORDS: 234

SOURCE: http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/36892932/binge-watching-tv-programmes-could-kill-you-according-to-japanese-scientists

VOCABULARY: binge, blood clot, box sets, pulmonary embolism, binge watching, pose

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think people watch TV for 5 or more hours per day?
  3. How often do you watch TV? Why?
  4. Do you play Pokemon Go? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Where are the researchers from?
  2. Between which years was the study performed?
  3. What causes a pulmonary embolism?
  4. Which 2 activities does the study suggest to do every hour while binge watching?
  5. The study was performed when mobile electronic equipment was widespread. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • viewing habits (P2)
  • a blockage in blood vessels (P5)
  • works its way up (P5)
  • back to back (p6)
  • one sitting (P7)

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Image source: istock http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/36892932/binge-watching-tv-programmes-could-kill-you-according-to-japanese-scientists

A Plane Just Flew Around The World… Without A Single Drop Of Fuel

[Technology ★★★]

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(P1) Only one year after it first took flight, a solar-powered plane has completed an epic around-the-world trip without burning a single drop of fuel.

(P2) The revolutionary zero-fuel aircraft, Solar Impulse 2, is piloted by Swiss engineer and businessman André Borschberg and Swiss psychiatrist and aeronaut Bertrand Piccard. The two have been developing the plane for over a decade to promote clean technologies.

(P3) The Solar Impulse 2 touched down Tuesday morning in Abu Dhabi, at the same airport where it embarked back in March 2015.

(P4) Over the last 16 months, Piccard and Borschberg took turns flying the aircraft nearly 27,000 miles, tallying eight world records along the way.

(P5) “We have traveled 40,000 kilometers without fuel. Now it’s your turn to take it further,” Piccard said. “We have enough solutions, enough technologies. We should never accept the world to be polluted only because people are scared to think in another way. The future is clean, the future is you, and the future is now.”

(P6) The Huffington Post reports, “The aircraft is made mostly of carbon fiber and is powered by 17,248 solar cells attached to its wings, which recharge four lithium polymer batteries. Despite its 236-foot wingspan, it weighs roughly the same as a Ford Explorer and nearly 200 times lighter than a Boeing 747. It reaches a top speed of 90 mph.”

WORDS: 222

SOURCE: http://www.sunnyskyz.com/good-news/1740/A-Plane-Just-Flew-Around-The-World-Without-A-Single-Drop-Of-Fuel

VOCABULARY: epic, touched down, embarked, tallying, carbon fiber, wingspan

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you fly in a solar-powered plane? Why or why not?
  3. Should solar-powered energy be used more? Why or why not?
  4. What are some other renewable energy sources?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How long did it take the plane to fly around the world?
  2. What kind of fuel does the plane run on?
  3. The plane took off and landed at the same airport. (T or F)
  4. How many people flew the plane?
  5. What source powers the plane?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • without burning a single drop of fuel (P1)
  • the revolutionary zero-fuel aircraft (P2)
  • took turns (P4)
  • powered by (P6)
  • top speed (P6)

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Image source: Solar Impulse / Twitter https://twitter.com/solarimpulse

Verizon to Buy Yahoo for $4.8B

[Business ★★★]

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(P1) Verizon will acquire Yahoo, once valued at more than $125 billion, for $4.8 billion, a source tells the Wall Street Journal. An official announcement of the deal, which will end an auction process that began five months ago, is expected Monday. The WSJ calls the deal “a remarkable fall for the Silicon Valley web pioneer,” adding that it’s an opportunity for Verizon to add to its growing digital and advertising business.

(P2) Last week, Yahoo reported that its revenue for the April-June quarter was down 19% year-over-year, according to the AP, falling to $842 million from $1 billion in 2015. At that time, the AP speculated that selling Yahoo’s operations “would likely end the four-year reign of CEO Marissa Mayer.”

WORDS: 119

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/228601/verizon-to-buy-yahoo-for-48b.html

VOCABULARY: acquire, auction, pioneer, revenue, speculated

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think Yahoo lost so much value over the years?
  3. Which other companies are pioneers in technology?
  4. Do you think Yahoo’s CEO, Marissa Mayer, will lose her job or will Verizon keep her? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What was Yahoo once worth?
  2. What method was used to sell Yahoo?
  3. Yahoo helped advance internet technology. (T or F)
  4. How much profit did Yahoo report last week?
  5. Who is the top executive of Yahoo?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • once valued at more than $125 billion (p1)
  • remarkable fall (P1)
  • year-over-year (P2)
  • likely end (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.diyphotography.net/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/verizon_yahoo.jpg

19 of 31 Olympic Village Buildings Not Ready

[Sports ★★★]

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(P1) Olympic authorities in Rio are scrambling to complete safety tests in the Olympic Village that should have been carried out a long time ago. It has been reported that 19 of the 31 apartment buildings have yet to be fully checked. The Australian delegation has complained that their assigned accommodation isn’t fit to live in. Other teams have had to hire outside contractors to deal with problems including water leaks and electrical faults. The president of the Argentine Olympic Committee has also complained. He’s saying two of the five floors assigned to his country are uninhabitable.

(P2) Rio 2016 spokesman Mario Andrada admits that there are many problems. He says people are working around the clock to get the apartment buildings ready for all 18,000 athletes and coaching staff that will arrive on August 5. The Australians hope to move in soon. Rio’s Mayor, Eduardo Paes, has admitted that they had been assigned to the worst building in the complex. The Olympic Village was built by the construction company Odebrecht and property developer Carvalho Hosken. They had planned to profit by selling the apartments after the Games. However, a plunge in Rio real estate prices and the jailing of Odebrecht’s president for corruption earlier this year could explain why the work wasn’t completed to a high standard.

WORDS: 216

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/228676/19-of-31-olympic-village-buildings-not-ready-yet.html

VOCABULARY: scrambling, delegation, faults, uninhabitable, property developer, plunge

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Is it unacceptable or acceptable that the buildings aren’t ready yet? Why?
  3. In your opinion, how many months prior to the start of the Olympic games should the buildings be completed? Why?
  4. Should the construction company and property developer be held responsible for not having the buildings completed by now? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many apartment buildings in total are there in the Olympic village?
  2. Two of the issues with the buildings are water and sewer. (T or F)
  3. Who is the mayor of Rio de Janiero?
  4. How many people will be living in the apartments?
  5. Who constructed the village?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • fully checked (p1)
  • isn’t fit to live in (P1)
  • working around the clock (P2)
  • wasn’t completed to a high standard (P2)

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Image source: AP Photo/Leo Correa http://www.newser.com/story/228676/19-of-31-olympic-village-buildings-not-ready-yet.html

Aviation Industry Will Need 617K New Pilots by 2035

[Travel ★★★]

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(P1) Thinking about a career change? You might want to consider the aviation industry. According to Boeing’s annual Pilot and Technician Outlook report, commercial airlines worldwide will need to add 814,000 cabin crew members, 679,000 maintenance technicians, and 617,000 pilots through 2035. A lot of that growth, 40%, will happen in Asia thanks to the growing middle class, the Los Angeles Times notes. Still, there will be many airline jobs created in North America and Europe as current workers retire, according to USA Today, which notes that this is the first year that Boeing has included cabin crew in its report. North America will account for 21% of new crewmembers and 17% of new pilots and technicians, with growth being spurred by the new markets in Cuba and Mexico.

(P2) Per USA Today, Boeing’s Current Market Outlook report projects the sale of 39,620 airplanes over the next two decades. Meanwhile, in a call with analysts late last month, Boeing said: “it’s reasonably possible” that it may stop producing its double-decker 747 due to poor sales, according to Raw Story. Already in January, according to the Telegraph, Boeing said it would reduce production of the 747 to six a year, down from 1.5 per month as of last June.

WORDS: 205

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/229000/aviation-industry-will-need-617000-new-pilots-by-2035.html

VOCABULARY: aviation, cabin crew members, spurred, projects, double-decker

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you like to work in the aviation industry? Why or why not?
  3. If you had to choose between working as a pilot, cabin crew member, or maintenance technician; which one would you pick? Why?
  4. Which job do you think is the most difficult: pilot, cabin crew member, or maintenance technician? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What’s the name of the yearly statement produced by Boeing?
  2. Which Asian social class will account for 40 percent of the growth?
  3. Cabin crew members were included in the report last year. (T or F)
  4. What’s the forecasted sale of planes over the next 20 years?
  5. What reason is given for Boeing to stop manufacturing the two tier 747?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • growing middle class (p1)
  • as current workers retire (P1)
  • over the next two decades (P2)
  • due to poor sales (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://qph.ec.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-ccfb5658c0f2e248b9e3a5add2f22084-c

Office workers need one hour of exercise a day

[Health ★]

happybusinessmanleaningbackindeskchair-850x400

(P1) People who sit down a lot must exercise for one hour a day to live longer. Sitting down a lot makes our life shorter. It is like smoking or being overweight. Sitting for eight hours increases the risk of dying early by 60 percent. But, one hour’s exercise each day means we may not die early, even if we sit down all day.

(P2) Researchers hope this news will get people to exercise more. Watching TV all day is also unhealthy because we eat snacks. No exercise increases the risk of heart disease. People should get out of their seat more. They should take breaks every hour, or walk upstairs. We need to add more physical activity into our daily life.

WORDS: 121

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1607/160730-exercise-0.html

VOCABULARY: shorter, overweight, risk, unhealthy, heart disease, upstairs

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why is it important to exercise?
  3. Why do some people like to watch TV a lot?
  4. Should companies have mandatory hourly breaks for their employees who sit a lot? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. If a person sits a lot, how long must they exercise each day?
  2. Sitting a lot is similar to what 2 things?
  3. If a person sits for 8 hours, the chance of dying goes up by what percentage?
  4. What do people do if they watch television the entire day?
  5. People who sit a lot should stand up or exercise every 1/2 hour. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?a

  • live longer (p1)
  • increases the risk of dying (P1)
  • get out of their seat more (P2)
  • daily life (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://www.fittoinspire.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Desk-photo.jpg