Week102

[People and Animals ★] Dog is saved in France

[Sports ★] Olympic Games in Brazil

[Science ★★] Scientists make self-repairing clothes

[Animals ★★] Animals eat ice

[Lifestyle ★★] 3D Restaurant in London

[Business ★★★] US fines Chile-based airline LATAM $22 million over bribes

[Sports ★★★] Meet the Great-Grandma Who Trains South Africa’s Fastest Man

[Sports ★★★] Rio 2016: Cuban boxers look to dominate in the ring

[Health ★★★★] Zika outbreak: The mosquito menace

[Travel ★★★★) Best passports in the world revealed in new index

Best passports in the world revealed in new index

[Travel ★★★)

world-passports-xlarge

(P1) UAE nationals have the most powerful passport in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region, with swift entry to 120 countries around the globe, according to the latest power rankings by a financial consultancy firm.

(P2) Arton Capital’s passport index announced on Wednesday ranks countries based on the number of destinations their citizens can travel to without a visa or with a visa on arrival.

(P3) The UAE passport holds the 27th position globally and 60th in the individual ranking. Within the GCC, the UAE is followed by Kuwait, which grants access to 80 countries, in the second place.

(P4) The Qatari passport takes the third position, allowing holders relatively easy entry to 75 countries. In the fourth place is Bahrain (71 countries), followed by Saudi Arabia in the fifth position (68 countries) and Oman in the sixth (67 countries).

(P5) Overall, Germany takes the crown as the most powerful passport, with a visa-free score of 157, followed by Sweden, Finland, Italy, and Switzerland.

(P6) The United States passport occupies the fourth rank, together with Austria, Portugal, Luxemburg, and Singapore. USA passport entitles holders to visit 154 countries without a visa or with visa on arrival.

(P7) Canadian passport holders can visit 152 countries visa-free, which ranks them 6th together with New Zealand.

(P8) In Asia, the most powerful passport is that of South Korea, ranked 3rd, with a visa-free score of 155, followed by Singapore (4th), Japan (5th) and Malaysia (8th).

WORDS: 233

SOURCE: http://gulfnews.com/guides/going-out/travel/best-passports-in-the-world-revealed-in-new-index-1.1705649

VOCABULARY: nationals, swift, consultancy, index, crown, entitles

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think some countries have to obtain a visa more often than other countries?
  3. Which countries are more difficult to travel to on your country’s passport system? Why?
  4. Should a visa-free entry be equal for all countries? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who has the strongest passport of the Arab States?
  2. Qatar is in 3rd place. (T or F)
  3. Who has the most powerful passport around the globe?
  4. How many countries can citizens of the USA visit without obtaining a visa?
  5. Who comes after South Korea in the power rankings in Asia?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • around the globe (P1)
  • power rankings (P1)
  • visa on arrival (P2)
  • followed by (P4)
  • a visa-free score of 157 (P5)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/content/dam/Travel/2016/March/world-passports-xlarge.jpg

Zika outbreak: The mosquito menace

[Health ★★★]

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(P1) This bloodsucker might not be your best friend, but it loves you. The mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is causing widespread fear in Brazil where it is spreading the Zika virus that has been linked to thousands of babies being born with birth defects. So what do we know about it?

1. It loves our cities:

(P2) This is not some jungle dwelling insect that rarely comes into contact with people. It is one of those animals, like cockroaches, pigeons, and urban foxes, that thrives in built-up areas.

(P3) It does not need natural water sources to breed as it can lay eggs in the small and plentiful pools of stagnant water, such as gutters or flower pots, found in cities.

(P4) Cities like Singapore have big problems with the mosquito. Prof Uriel Kitron, from Emory University, said: “Aegypti is really adapted well to urban areas.

(P5) “It is becoming more and more of an urbanized world and aegypti thrives – Brazil is an extreme example going from 20% to 80% urban in 70 years.”

(P6) There’s also plenty of food – us.

2. They harbor a bunch of diseases:

(P7) Zika is currently getting all the attention, but Aedes aegypti has long been known as the yellow fever mosquito. Yellow fever is a viral disease that can cause jaundice, bleeding, and multiple organ failures in some cases. 390 million people are infected with the dengue virus each year, largely as a result of bites from Aedes aegypti.

(p8) Chikungunya, another virus causing alarm as it expands around the world, is also spread by the insects. They do it by biting someone who is infected and then biting someone else.

WORDS: 270

SOURCE: http://www.bbc.com/news/health-35427491

VOCABULARY: dwelling, stagnant, gutters, urbanized, harbor, jaundice

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What can be done to prevent the Zika and Chikungunya viruses?
  3. Should governments have programs to control mosquitos? Why or why not?
  4. Do you use mosquito repellant? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What’s another name for the mosquito mentioned in the article?
  2. Mosquitos flourish in urban areas. (T or F)
  3. Which city has a huge problem with mosquitos?
  4. How many humans are contaminated with dengue fever per year?
  5. How do mosquitos spread the viruses?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • widespread fear (P1)
  • jungle dwelling (P2)
  • they harbor a bunch of diseases (#2 above)
  • getting all the attention (P7)
  • multiple organ failures (p6)

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Image source: by “unknown” SPL http://www.bbc.com/news/health-35427491

Rio 2016: Cuban boxers look to dominate in the ring

[Sports ★★★]

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(P1) A dominant force in the Olympics boxing ring, Cuba will find it tough to maintain supremacy against professional boxers.

(P2) Professional boxers are competing at the Olympics for the first time after the international boxing association, AIBA, approved a constitutional change earlier this June.

(P3) The male boxers will also be in the ring without head guards for the first time since 1980, which could see more fights stopped on cuts and a new 10-point scoring system approach.

(P4) Cuban boxers, staunchly amateur, have dominated Olympic and World Championships for more than 40 years.

(P5) “Some boxers are better technically or stronger than others, but I don’t think there’s any fear or danger between professionals or amateurs under the Olympic rules,” Eduardo Limonta, a Cuban Boxing Commission official, told Al Jazeera.

(P6) The Caribbean nation has won 67 medals in the ring, 34 of them gold. However, AIBA’s decision to include professional boxers means the Cubans could be up against a stronger than normal opposition in Rio de Janeiro.

WORDS: 162

SOURCE: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/08/rio-2016-cuban-boxers-aim-dominate-ring-160810121336691.html

VOCABULARY: supremacy, constitutional, approach, staunchly, commission, opposition

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think professionals should be allowed to compete in the Olympic games? Why or why not?
  3. Why do you think the Cuban boxing team has dominated for so long?
  4. Which do you like better, the summer or winter Olympics? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who’s allowed to participate in the Olympics for the first time ever?
  2. Olympic boxers will still have to wear head protection. (T or F)
  3. How long have boxers from Cuba outshined their opponents in amateur competitions?
  4. Which news agency is mentioned in the article?
  5. How many overall medals has the Cuban boxing team won?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • dominant force (P1)
  • more fights stopped on cuts (P3)
  • under the Olympic rules (P5)
  • stronger than normal (p6)

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Image source: by “unknown” The Associated Press

Meet the Great-Grandma Who Trains South Africa’s Fastest Man

[People ★★★]

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(P1) South African sprinter Wayde Van Niekerk set a world record Sunday night in the men’s 400-meter race. It’s an Olympic feat that the Washington Post says, “no one saw coming” except, perhaps, for the 74-year-old Namibian great-grandmother who trains him. Van Niekerk first caught the eye of Ans Botha, who’s been a track and field coach for half a century, at 2010’s IAAF World Junior Championships. She started coaching him two years later, Quartz notes. He’s managed to get four seconds faster in the 400-meter competition since she took over his training regimen.

(P2) His success may be due to the no-nonsense approach that is taken by Botha, known as “Tannie Ans” (“Aunt Ans” in Afrikaans) in the running world. “When I first met her, I was afraid of her,” fellow South African runner Akani Simbine tells the Post. He says she becomes “loving” once you get to know her. “When the track workouts need to be done, she makes sure you get them done.” Van Niekerk credits the silver-haired septuagenarian for how far he’s come, saying after his big win that “she’s played a huge role in what I am today,” per Fox Sports. “She’s really kept me very disciplined and very focused on the goal.”

WORDS: 203

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/229665/meet-the-great-grandma-who-trains-south-africas-fastest-man.html

VOCABULARY: sprinter, century, regimen, workouts, septuagenarian

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you like to be able to run as fast or faster than Van Niekerk?
  3. Why do you think Ans Botha is still coaching?
  4. Are you disciplined and focused on your goals? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Which event did the runner set a world record in?
  2. How old is Ans Botha?
  3. How long has the great-grandmother been coaching?
  4. What’s another name people call Ans Botha?
  5. What’s the name of Van Niekerk’s teammate?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • first caught the eye of (P1)
  • half a century (P1)
  • took over (P1)
  • no-nonsense approach (P2)

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Image source: Twitter NBC Olympics http://img2-azcdn.newser.com/image/1079649-12-20160815121202.jpeg

US fines Chile-based airline LATAM $22 million over bribes

[Business ★★]

latam-air-santiago-times

(P1) U.S. authorities say Latin America’s largest airline has agreed to some $22 million in civil and criminal fines in connection with a scheme to pay bribes to end a labor strike in Argentina a decade ago.

(P2) Chile-based carrier LATAM will pay $12.75 million to the U.S. Justice Department and $9.4 million including interest to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

(P3) The penalties stem from an investigation into payments made in 2006 by LAN airlines, which merged with Brazil’s TAM in 2012 to create LATAM.

(P4) The Justice Department said in a Monday statement that LAN had entered into a “fictitious $1.15 million consulting agreement with an advisor to the Secretary of Argentina’s Ministry of Transportation.” It said no consulting services were provided and the money was funneled to union officials.

WORDS: 129

SOURCE: http://santiagotimes.cl/2016/07/26/us-fines-chile-based-airline-latam-22-million-bribes/

VOCABULARY: authorities, scheme, bribes, stem, merged, fictitious, funneled

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think the people involved in the scheme should go to prison? Why or why not?
  3. In your opinion, why are people dishonest in business?
  4. Do you think the punishment was fair? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. LATAM is the biggest airlines in South America. (T or F)
  2. How much was the fine the airline must pay to the United States Justice Department?
  3. Which 2 airlines combined to make LATAM?
  4. The consulting contract was real. (T or F)
  5. Who received money under the fake agreement?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • to pay bribes (P1)
  • a decade ago (P1)
  • Chile-based carrier (P2)
  • consulting agreement (P4)

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Image source: AP Photo/Esteban Felix http://newsok.com/article/feed/1045358

3D Restaurant in London

[Lifestyle ★★]

340

(P1) A special restaurant opens in London. Everything in it is 3D printed. The food is even 3D printed.

(P2) The restaurant’s boss says that the future is coming quickly. A lot of people are excited. Some people are also worried. The restaurant brings people together. They can talk about the future.

(P3) Machines print the food. Chefs and artists design the files for the computers.

(P4) The restaurant wants to have events in more cities. The events may happen in Barcelona, Cape Town, and Sydney.

WORDS: 82

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/a3d-restaurant-in-london-level-1/

VOCABULARY: special, quickly, excited, worried, files, may

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you go to this restaurant to eat? Why or why not?
  3. Would you like to be a 3D chef? Why or why not?
  4. Tell me about your favorite restaurant.

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Where’s the restaurant located?
  2. The food isn’t in 3D form. (T or F)
  3. People are very happy but afraid. (T or F)
  4. Who creates the files?
  5. There will be similar events in other cities. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • everything in it (P1)
  • brings people together (P2)
  • design the files (P3)
  • may happen (P4)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://belfasttelegraph.bbvms.com/mediaclip/2672498/pthumbnail/640/360.jpg