Week108

[World News ★] New Phone Boxes

[Culture ★] Oktoberfest 2016

[Culture ★★] Chinese Money

[Science ★★] Great Model of the Solar System

[Health ★★] Internet addiction sign of mental health problems

[Business ★★★] Sir Richard Branson

[Food ★★★] World Pizza Toppings

[Environment News ★★★] France passes laws to cut plastic waste, donate unsold food

[World News ★★★★] Hackers steal personal data from 500m Yahoo accounts

[Travel News ★★★★] This Is What $21,000 Will Get You on an Airplane

This Is What $21,000 Will Get You on an Airplane

[Travel News ★★★★]

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(P1) Casey Neistat lived out a personal fantasy when he was given a free upgrade from business to first class on a recent Emirates flight from Dubai to New York City.

(P2) Documenting every luxurious moment in a video he uploaded to his YouTube account, Neistat gives viewers a look at what it’s like to have one of the most glamorous flight experiences imaginable, which would have cost $21,635.30 if it weren’t for the upgrade.

(P3) The YouTube personality starts his 14-hour journey by closing the doors to his pod, yes, this airplane seat has doors and checking out some of the amenities. Toiletry kits, including a variety of moisturizers, and other bath products are stowed throughout the pod, and one amenity bag included pajamas and slippers.

(P4) While checking out his personal touch-screen TV, Neistat was able to enjoy some of the snacks as well as the in-pod mini-bar. When he wanted something more substantial, he ordered a dish of caviar from the menu.

(P5) After converting his seat to a bed and having a few hours rest, Neistat reserved his spot in the shower and went to freshen up before landing. The large shower was complete with spa-like amenities, including high-end products and piles of soft towels.

(P6) “Dreams do come true. I am showering on an airplane,” he says in the video, which has garnered more than 8.2 million views.

(P7) Neistat has made a career for himself traveling around the world and documenting his adventures on social media.

WORDS: 245

SOURCE: http://www.travelandleisure.com/videos-travel-tips/expensive-flight-emirates

VOCABULARY: glamorous, pod, stowed, caviar, converting, garnered

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you pay $21,635.30 for a first class ticket? Why or why not?
  3. Do you think the cost for first class plane tickets is too expensive? Why or why not?
  4. Would you like to be a professional traveler? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The world traveler videoed his entire experience on the flight. (T or F)
  2. Mr. Neistat shared his pod with another passenger. (T or F)
  3. There was only one amenity bag in his pod. (T or f)
  4. What did he order from the menu?
  5. What is Mr. Neistat’s job?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • lived out (P1)
  • the YouTube personality (P3)
  • checking out (P3)
  • freshen up (P5)

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Image source: by Stan Honda/AFP/Getty Images http://www.travelandleisure.com/videos-travel-tips/expensive-flight-emirates

France passes laws to cut plastic waste, donate unsold food

[Environment News ★★★]

uk-the-worst-offender-in-europe-s-22-million-tonne-food-waste-problem_strict_xxl

(P1) France has passed a set of landmark laws that will help significantly reduce plastic and food waste.

(P2) According to British newspaper The Independent, the law will ensure all plastic cups, cutlery, and plates are made of biologically-sourced materials and can be composted.

(P3) The newspaper said the law, which will come into effect in 2020, is part of the Energy Transition for Green Growth, an ambitious plan intended for the European country to play its role in tackling climate change.

(P4) While environment activists hail the legislation, opponents argue it has violated European Union rules on free movement of goods.

(P5) France has also passed a law banning supermarkets from throwing away or spoiling unsold food. Instead, stores will be required to donate it to charities and food banks.

(P6) The French Senate on Wednesday voted unanimously for the law after a petition launched by Courbevoie councilor Arash Derambarsh.

(P7) It will apply to any supermarket of 400 square meters or larger. Violators will be fined up to 3,750 euros.

WORDS: 166

SOURCE: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/world/2016/09/182_214165.html

VOCABULARY: landmark, cutlery, composted, tackling, hail, unanimously, petition

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you agree with the set of laws? Why or why not?
  3. Do you think all supermarkets should be required to donate unsold and spoiling food to food banks or other charities? Why or why not?
  4. Is the penalty fair for supermarkets if they violate the law? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many laws were passed?
  2. Which 3 things will have to be made of materials that can be composted?
  3. What will supermarkets have to do with food that is not sold or starting to go bad?
  4. The vote to pass the laws was almost even. (T or F)
  5. How much will supermarkets have to pay if they are caught disobeying the law?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • biologically-sourced (P2)
  • will come into effect (P3)
  • to play its role (P3)
  • apply to any supermarket (P7)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://tffchallenge-production.s3.amazonaws.com/media/posts/05e9f92a-95a7-11e5-8f0c-0670855d2669.jpg

Hackers steal personal data from 500m Yahoo accounts

[World News ★★★★]

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(P1) Computer hackers swiped personal information from at least 500m Yahoo accounts in 2014, the US tech company has announced, in what is believed to be the biggest ever digital break-in at an email provider.

(P2) Yahoo blamed the massive security breakdown disclosed on Thursday on a “state-sponsored actor” – parlance for a hacker working on behalf of a foreign government.

(P3) The California-based company did not explain what took so long to uncover the breach and declined to explain how it reached its conclusions about the hacker. It said, however, it was working with the FBI and other law enforcement as part of its ongoing investigation.

(P4) The stolen data includes users’ names, email addresses, telephone numbers, birth dates, scrambled passwords, and security questions and answers used to verify an account holder’s identity.

(P5) Last month, the tech site Motherboard reported that a hacker who uses the name “Peace” boasted that he had account information belonging to 200m Yahoo users and was trying to sell the data on the web.

(P6) Yahoo is recommending that users change their passwords if they haven’t done so since 2014. The company said the attacker didn’t get any information about its users’ bank accounts or credit and debit cards.

(P7) The data breach poses new headaches for Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer as she tries to close a $4.8bn sale to Verizon Communication.

(P8) News of the security lapse, which dates back to late 2014, could cause some people to have second thoughts about relying on Yahoo services and raise questions about the checks and balances within the company.

(P9) The sale to Verizon, announced two months ago, is not supposed to close until early next year.

(P10) That leaves Verizon with wiggle room to renegotiate the purchase price, or even back out if it believes the security breach will harm Yahoo’s business.

WORDS: 300

SOURCE: http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/09/hackers-steal-personal-data-500m-yahoo-accounts-160922220211278.html

VOCABULARY: swiped, parlance, breach, boasted, poses, lapse

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Who do you use as an email provider? Why?
  3. What do you do to protect your privacy and personal data online??
  4. Why do you think people hack websites and steal data?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many Yahoo users had their information stolen?
  2. The hackers were said to be individuals working for a private agency. (T or F)
  3. According to Yahoo, financial data was stolen along with personal data. (T or F)
  4. Which website revealed the internet name of a hacker?
  5. Verizon Communications will not buy Yahoo now because of the massive security issue. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • break-in (P1)
  • massive security breakdown (P2)
  • checks and balances (P8)
  • wiggle room (P10)
  • back out (P10)

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Image source: Reuters http://www.jambonewspot.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Yahoo.jpg

World Pizza Toppings

[Food ★★★]

pizza

(P1) What are your favorite pizza toppings? How about squid or fried eggs? Most Americans seem to prefer their pizza with the usual cheese and pepperoni. People in other countries, however, have different tastes. In India, for example, a common pizza topping is ginger and mutton. Many Indians like to eat pizza covered with tofu. Spicy vegetables are also a popular topping there. People from Sweden like to eat their pizza with bananas and pineapple. They seem to also enjoy chicken and a heap of curry powder on it!

(P2) If you eat a pizza in Japan, don’t be startled if it has a squid topping. The mayajaga pizza is also popular there. This is a pizza covered with potatoes and mayonnaise. In France, you can enjoy your pizza with a fried egg on top. The egg is sometimes cooked on the pizza. Despite all these different dishes to choose from, pepperoni is still the most popular topping in the world. It also seems that pizza lovers want to eat meat. Somewhere around 62% of all pizzas have meat on them. The next time you indulge in pizza, why not try something a little different on top?

WORDS: 193

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/world-pizza-toppings/

VOCABULARY: squid, mutton, ginger, heap, startled, indulge

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What are some popular pizza toppings in your country?
  3. What do you like on your pizza? Why?
  4. Why do you think pizza is so popular worldwide?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What do a majority of people from the USA like on top of their pizza?
  2. A lot of people from India put sheep meat, ginger, and tofu as pizza toppings. (T or F)
  3. In Sweden, they like to put a small portion of curry powder on their pizza. (T or F)
  4. Which type of pizza is well liked in Japan?
  5. What is the most popular topping around the world?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • seem to prefer (P1)
  • different tastes (P1)
  • a pizza covered with (P2)
  • cooked on (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://templatic.net/images/livemagazine/slide2.jpg

Sir Richard Branson

[Business ★★★]

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(P1) Sir Richard Branson is an English businessman. He is the chairman of the Virgin Group, a group of companies including Virgin Atlantic Airways and Virgin Records. It also has more than 200 entertainment, media and travel companies around the world.  According to Forbes magazine, Branson was the 281st richest person in the world in 2014. He is worth about $4.9 billion and he even owns two private islands.

(P2) Branson got bored and left school when he was 16 years old. He started a magazine for young people in 1966. He called it Student. The magazine was run by students, for students. It was so successful that it sold $8,000 worth of advertising in its first issue. He gave away the first 50,000 copies for free. A few years later, he started a business where people could buy and sell used records through the mail. It was called Virgin Records.

(P3) In 1972, Branson built a recording studio in Oxfordshire, England. He started to record musicians and sell their records. He called the company Virgin Music. The first record he published was Tubular Bells by a school friend called Mike Oldfield. It became very popular after being used in the movie “The Exorcist” in 1973. After that, many more musicians came to work for Branson. Some of them became very famous. Virgin Music became one of the top six record companies in the world.

WORDS: 232

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/richard-branson/

VOCABULARY: chairman, worth, issue, studio, published

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think Sir Richard Branson is so successful?
  3. Who are some other successful business people you know?
  4. Would you like to be worth as much as Sir Richard Branson? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. According to the article, what is the Virgin Group?
  2. What’s Mr. Branson’s value in USD?
  3. Mr. Branson is the founder of a publication. (T or F)
  4. What’s the name of his record company?
  5. What’s the title of his first musical recording?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • left school when he was 16 years old (P2)
  • run by students (P2)
  • gave away (P2)
  • top 6 (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://dreamreader.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Richard_Bransonb-e1441079939322.jpg

Internet addiction sign of mental health problems

[Health ★★]

3009043-poster-1280-now-176-are-you-internet-addicted

(P1) People who use the Internet too much may have mental health problems, especially if they cannot get online regularly. A survey into the Internet habits of 254 students found 107 students were addicted or had problems like depression. We know little about the dangers of Internet addiction. We need to know more.

(P2) A researcher said students who are addicted to the Internet have more problems with their day-to-day life at home, at work, or school. He said people with Internet addiction were more depressed and had problems with time management. We need to know if mental health problems cause Internet addiction.

WORDS: 101

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1609/160921-internet-addiction-0.html

VOCABULARY: habits, addicted, depression, dangers, researcher, time management

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think people are addicted to the internet?
  3. How many hours per day do you use the internet?
  4. Should children be supervised when they use the internet? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who may have mental health problems if they can’t get online daily?
  2. How many students were addicted to the internet in the survey?
  3. Students that are addicted to the internet have problems at home, work, and school. (T or F)
  4. What 2 problems do students have if they are addicted to the internet?
  5. Researchers know that mental health problems cause internet addiction. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • may have mental health problems (P1)
  • cannot get online regularly (P1)
  • day-to-day life (P2)
  • we need to know (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://rightbullets.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Internet-Addict-Poster.png