Week109

[Animals ★] Snake Bites a Man

[Business ★] Rocket to Mars

[Technology ★★] Gadgets

[Entertainment ★★] Pakistan cinemas ban Indian movies

[World News ★★] Oil Tanker Explodes

[Health ★★★] Sad movies help reduce pain

[Technology ★★★] The iPhone History

[Entertainment ★★★] 10 Best TV Shows of All Time

[Culture ★★★★] Slang Words: What Do Canadians Say?

[Travel News ★★★★] Asiana flight takes off with wrong passenger aboard

Asiana flight takes off with wrong passenger aboard

[Travel News ★★★★]

asianaa320200

(P1) An Asiana Airlines flight bound for Incheon from Hong Kong returned to the airport after finding a “wrong” passenger was onboard.

(P2) The plane carrying 258 passengers was scheduled to arrive in Incheon at around 5 p.m. after departing Hong Kong at 1:15 p.m.

(P3) But about an hour after takeoff, the carrier found out that a passenger who had booked a Jeju Air flight was on board the Asiana plane. The flight then returned to Hong Kong and departed for Incheon later in the evening.

(P4) “We found out that a wrong person was onboard, so we returned to Hong Kong,” an Asiana official said.

(P5) “The local police are questioning the passenger to find out whether he took the wrong plane by mistake or intentionally.”

(P6) Asiana staffers at the boarding gate apparently failed to check whether the name on the passport and on the boarding pass was the same. The official did not say how the airline belatedly found out about the wrong boarding.

(P7) The person who was originally supposed to take the Asiana plane attempted to board the Jeju Air flight that was scheduled to depart Hong Kong at 1:55 p.m. to Incheon. However, Jeju Air staffers found different names on the boarding pass and the passport and prevented the person from boarding, according to the company.

(P8) It is suspected the two exchanged tickets, according to the official.

(P9) The case raises concerns over loose security checks by nation’s flag carriers. A similar case happened on a Korean Air plane earlier this year.

(P10) When Korean-American singer Bobby Kim was flying to San Francisco, Korean Air gave him an economy class seat instead of the business class one he had booked with a mileage upgrade.

(P11) It was found that Korean Air issued a ticket with the name of Kim Robert, another passenger, instead of the singer’s real name, Kim Robert Do Kyun. Although he had different names on his boarding pass and his passport, airline staff and security and immigration officers at Incheon International Airport failed to notice it.

(P12) Korean Air learned about the wrong ticket issuance when the real Kim Robert came for his ticket after Bobby Kim. But it failed to correct the error, and two people took the plane with one person’s name. The carrier admitted the mistake.

WORDS: 378

SOURCE: http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2016/10/119_175339.html

VOCABULARY: bound, staffers, belatedly, flag carriers, issuance

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion, why didn’t staffers find the error of the wrong passenger on the Asiana Airlines flight?
  3. Do you think there are sufficient or insufficient security checks at airports? Why?
  4. In your opinion, should the employees who made the error be disciplined? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The flight was heading to Incheon and started in Hong Kong. (T or F)
  2. What was the estimated time of arrival at the destination?
  3. Officials surmised that the passengers accidentally switched their tickets. (T or F).
  4. Which other airline had a similar incident?
  5. Did the carrier in the previous case fix the mistake?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • found out (P6)
  • loose security (P9)
  • booked with a mileage upgrade (P10)
  • two people took the plane with one person’s name (P12)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://img.koreatimes.co.kr/upload/newsV2/images/650asiana(0).jpg

Slang Words: What Do Canadians Say?

[Culture ★★★★]

canadian-brands

(P1) So you speak Canadian, eh?

(P2) For any Canadian who travels abroad, you may hear the stereotypical “eh,” “aboot” (about), or worse. How do you survive living in an igloo all year?

(P3) But here, just like the diversity of our population, culture, and local food we also have a long list of spoken languages, including our very own “Canadian” one.

(P4) Now even though our two official languages are English and French, the country is home to more than 200 other mother tongues including the most popular ones, Mandarin, Cantonese, Punjabi, and Spanish; according to a 2011 Statistics Canada report.

(P5) But between our different dialects, provinces and homegrown businesses, Canadians have also come up with their own take on everyday words. Some of them are ingrained. We buy double doubles with loonies and toonies, we drink pop, go to the washroom, and celebrate the end of the alphabet with a “zed”.

(P6) So in honor of our wonderful land turning 146 on July, 1, we’ve pulled together a fun list of good ‘ol Canadian slang, words, and phrases including a few that might surprise you.

(P7) And yes we know, this list is just scratching the surface, so tell us what your favorite “Canadian” words are in the comments below and we’ll add them to our gallery.

(P8) Some slang words:

double double – how coffee is order with two creams and two sugars

toonie – the slang name given to the Canadian $2 coin

loonie – the slang name given to the Canadian $1 coin

pop – another name for soda (Coca-cola, Pepsi, etc)

zed – how Canadian pronounce the letter z (zee)

darts – another name for cigarettes

hydro – refers to electricity, especially on your energy bill

*Click on the link below to read the original article and to learn more Canadian slang.

WORDS: 298

SOURCE: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/06/26/slang-words-what-words-do_n_3491739.html

VOCABULARY: stereotypical, igloo, homegrown, ingrained, gallery

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do yo think slang is spoken in most countries?
  3. Do you know how many dialects are spoken in your country? If so, how are they different?
  4. What are some slang words used in your country? Can you translate them to English?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Canada does not have their own language. (T or F)
  2. What are the two primary languages spoken in Canada?
  3. What do Canadians call a restroom/bathroom?
  4. How old is Canada?
  5. What slang word is used to order a coffee with twice the amount of sugar and cream?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • the diversity of our population (P3)
  • mother tongues (P4)
  • their own take on everyday words (P5)
  • turning 146 on July,1 (P6)
  • is just scratching the surface (P7)

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Image source: by “unknown” public domain

10 Best TV Shows of All Time

[Entertainment ★★★]

top-ten-tv-shows-of-all-time

(P1) Getting people to agree on the greatest TV show of all time is about as futile as trying to sway people to your side in a political argument on Facebook. UndauntedRolling Stone adds its thoughts to the mix with what it calls its “definitive ranking of the game-changing small-screen classics.” The magazine polled actors, writers, producers, critics, and showrunners. It even got Garry Marshall’s picks before he died in July. With absolutely any show eligible, “from the black-and-white rabbit-ears years to the binge-watching peak-TV era.” In the No. 1 slot: the “inspiring, terrifying mess” that was HBO’s The Sopranos. Here, the top 10 boob-tube winners:

  1. The Sopranos
  2. The Wire
  3. Breaking Bad
  4. Mad Men
  5. Seinfeld
  6. The Simpsons
  7. The Twilight Zone
  8. Saturday Night Live
  9. All in the Family
  10. The Daily Show

WORDS: 140

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/231819/10-best-tv-shows-of-all-time.html

VOCABULARY: futile, sway, undaunted, game-changing, showrunners, binge

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do or did you watch any of these shows in the top 10? If so, which one is your favorite? Why?
  3. What is your favorite TV show today? Why?
  4. Why do some people watch TV a lot nowadays?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who created the list of the 10 best TV shows of all time?
  2. Rolling Stone magazine only polled people who work in the industry. (T or F)
  3. Who participated in the poll before he passed away?
  4. What’s another name given to the television in the article?
  5. Which show came in 6th place?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • adds its thoughts to the mix
  • black-and-white rabbit-ears years
  • binge watching peak-TV era
  • boob-tube

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.top-ten.tv/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Top-Ten-TV-Shows-Of-All-Time.jpg

The iPhone History

[Technology ★★★]

how-the-iphones-home-screen-has-evolved-over-time

(P1) The first ever iPhone was launched on June 29, 2007. It was a mobile phone that had many capabilities and could connect to the Internet. The iPhone had a camera, a video camera, an MP3 and video player, and was a mobile phone. It also had e-mail and text messaging. The iPhone also had a touch screen with a virtual keyboard and buttons. The company that made the original iPhone is called Apple, and it spent $150 million developing the phone.

(P2) The original iPhone has been updated several times. In July 2008, Apple introduced the iPhone 3G. In June 2009, they introduced the iPhone 3GS. Over 1 million iPhone 3GS phones were sold within 2 days of its release. One year later, the iPhone 4 was released, and 1.7 million people bought one in the first 3 days. The next iPhone was the iPhone 4S. Then on September 21, 2012, Apple released the iPhone 5. This was followed by the iPhone 5S and iPhone 5C. The iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus were both released on September 19, 2014. As of September 2016, we now have the iPhone 7 and 7 Plus. It’s Apple’s state-of-the-art technology.

WORDS: 196

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/iphone/

VOCABULARY: launched, capabilities, virtual, release, state-of-the-art

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever had an iPhone? If so, which one? If no, do you want one?
  3. Do you think it’s possible to further develop the iPhone with better technology? Why or why not?
  4. Why do you think Apple is a successful company?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. When was the original iPhone introduced?
  2. How much money was spent on developing the first iPhone?
  3. When was the iPhone 4 released?
  4. On what date was the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus introduced?
  5. The article states that the next generation of iPhones will be released in 2018. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • first ever (P1)
  • developing the phone (P1)
  • updated several times (P2)
  • bought one in the first 3 days (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://static2.businessinsider.com/image/51b8e2d869bedd3826000025/how-the-iphones-home-screen-has-evolved-over-time.jpg

Sad movies help reduce pain

[Health ★★★]

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(P1) Watching sad movies can be just what the doctor ordered. A study shows that sad movies may boost our tolerance to pain. Researchers say that sad movies can increase the number of endorphins released by the brain. These chemicals are our body’s natural painkillers. They relieve physical or emotional pain. Dr. Robin Dunbar said the distress people get from tragedy triggers the endorphin system and relieves our pain.

(P2) Dr. Dunbar conducted tests to find out the effect sad stories have on us. One group of people watched a sad movie about a disabled man fighting homelessness, drugs, and alcohol. Another group watched a film on Britain’s geology. The pain tolerance of those who watched the sad film increased by 13.1%, while the pain tolerance for those who watched the documentary decreased by 4.6%. One reason we like sad movies is the natural high we get from the endorphins.

WORDS: 148

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1609/160924-painkillers-4.html

VOCABULARY: tolerance, endorphins, distress, triggers, geology

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like to watch sad movies? Why or why not?
  3. What are some things that can cause people emotional pain?
  4. What do you do if you have emotional or physical pain?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. According to the study, what goes up when people watch sad movies?
  2. What do endorphins alleviate?
  3. Who managed the tests in the research?
  4. The research involved three groups of people. (T or F)
  5. What kind of high is produced when people watch sad movies?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • the doctored ordered (P1)
  • our body’s natural painkillers (P1)
  • the effect of sad stories (P2)
  • pain tolerance (P2)
  • natural high (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://nb9.stumbleupon.netdna-cdn.com/0WVe6nXnUDv-vPi3zhViwQ

Pakistan cinemas ban Indian movies

[Entertainment ★★]

indian_films_banned

(P1) India and Pakistan have bad relations. They have argued for many years over borders in Kashmir. The latest disagreement is about movies and actors. Pakistan’s biggest cinemas have banned Indian movies in Pakistan’s big cities. Cinema owners say the ban is to support Pakistani soldiers risking their lives in Kashmir. The ban is because Indian moviemakers stopped Pakistani actors from working in Bollywood movie studios in Mumbai.

(P2) Bollywood movies are very popular in Pakistan. Cinemas will lose a lot of money. People will stay at home. Pakistani actors will also lose money. They will get less money from making movies in Pakistan than in Bollywood. Pakistani actors said it was time to stop working in Bollywood. Actor Hamza Ali Abbasi said: “Pakistani artists must boycott Bollywood.” Movie star Agha Ali agreed. He said: “I think it should have been done a long time ago.”

WORDS: 144

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1610/161002-indian-movies-1.html

VOCABULARY: argued, borders, disagreement, risking, moviemakers, boycott

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you watch Bollywood movies? Why or why not?
  3. Do you think the Pakistani actors should boycott Bollywood? Why or why not?
  4. Have you ever visited Pakistan or India? If so, tell me about it. If not, would you like to visit those countries?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Which area do Pakistan and India fight over?
  2. What is the most recent argument between Pakistan and India?
  3. Who stopped actors from Pakistan from acting in Mumbai?
  4. The Cinema owners in Pakistan are the only ones who will lose money. (T or F)
  5. Who said Pakistani actors need to stop acting in Bollywood?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • bad relations (P1)
  • will get less money (P2)
  • time to stop working (P2)
  • a long time ago (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.fashioncentral.pk/people-parties/celebrity-gossip/story-2451-pakistani-cinemas-say-no-showing-indian-movies/