Week110

[Animals ★] Giant Pandas

[World News ★] Hurricane Hits Haiti

[Sports ★★] Human Towers in Spain

[Science ★★] Vegetable gardens tested for Mars

[Jobs ★★] The world needs 69 million more teachers

[Health ★★★] Shopping Benefits

[Lifestyle ★★★] 8 Best Cities for Non-Meat-Eaters

[Technology ★★★] What is Cyber-bullying?

[Food ★★★★] Adventures in Grilling

[Travel ★★★★] How to Eat Healthy While Traveling

How to Eat Healthy While Traveling

[Travel ★★★★]

nc-travel_food1

(P1) It’s easy to give up on your diet or general healthy eating plan while you’re traveling. Whether the trip is for leisure or business, the constant rush of activities may make it tempting to stop at a fast-food outlet whenever hunger strikes, or indulge in unhealthy snacks or beverages. But if you keep healthy food choices on hand, you may maintain a healthy regimen during your travels with no regrets.

STEP 1

(P2) Pack your own meal on the airplane flight or mode of transportation of your choice. This provides you with an alternative to eating the expensive and typically unhealthy prepared meals offered through the airline. Bring protein and nutrient dense dry food that won’t easily leak or get smashed in your bag. Examples include nuts, protein bars, and firm fruit, like apples.

STEP 2

(P3) Drink plenty of fluids during your trip. If you can, choose water over other beverages while you’re in transit. Milk and juices are adequate but avoid soda and an excess amount of alcoholic beverages. Avoiding the latter is especially important for minimizing travel-related health conditions, such as jet lag.

STEP 3

(P4) Stock your hotel room with bottled water, fresh fruit and healthy snacks like granola bars or fiber cookies. Doing so helps remove the temptation to raid the room’s mini bar, and can be indispensable for staving off hunger between business meetings or tourist activities.

STEP 4

(P5) Avoid fast-food outlets. Though they may be a comforting choice when you’re in a new city, these kinds of meal options are often high in fat and calories, and more importantly, they may cheat you out of experiencing the local culture. Wherever you decide to eat, focus on meals that incorporate healthy components, like fresh vegetables and lean proteins.

STEP 5

(P6) Don’t forget to eat breakfast. This is usually easier said than done in the whirlwind of a vacation. However, breakfast helps prime your system and prepares you for a full day of activities or business meetings. If your hotel offers a complimentary breakfast, choose a high fiber and protein meal, such as whole grain toast with peanut butter, to give you instant energy and fill you up until lunch. This way you may reduce the temptation to snack in a few hours’ time.

WORDS: 375

SOURCE: http://traveltips.usatoday.com/eat-healthy-traveling-1556.html

VOCABULARY: indulge, regimen, temptation, indispensable, whirlwind

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion, is it important to eat healthy during travel? Why or why not?
  3. In your opinion, should airlines offer healthier food? Why or why not?
  4. When you travel, do you like to eat the local cuisine? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. These tips are only good for business travel. (T or F)
  2. Airline food is highly recommended. (T or F)
  3. It’s suggested not to drink soft drinks. (T or F)
  4. Opting to eat at fast food joints takes away from eating the local cuisine. (T or F)
  5. It’s ok to skip breakfast, especially if you are in a hurry. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • the constant rush of activities (P1)
  • to raid the room’s mini bar (P4)
  • cheat you out (P5)
  • helps prime your system (P6)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/cc/ec/5e/ccec5ecc4a1b87553eea6d8a0d2aea0d.jpg

Adventures in Grilling

[Food ★★★★]

grilling-beef

(P1) The next time you fire up the grill, give your taste buds a thrill with recipes that are inspired by some of the best cuisines from around the world. These recipes from Omaha Steaks will take you on a culinary adventure right in your own backyard. Sweet and spicy Korean, zesty South American and bold Mediterranean flavors make perfectly grilled steak even better.

10 Tips for Perfect Grilling

(P2) To help you get the perfect steaks every time, follow these simple tips from the experts at Omaha Steaks:

  1. Clean and preheat grill on high.
  2. Lightly oil everything before putting it on the grill. This helps the searing process and prevents sticking.
  3. Season food before grilling.
  4. Sear the outside of steaks when grilling. This helps with the flavor and juiciness.
  5. Use tongs or a spatula to turn meat on the grill. Using a fork can damage the meat.
  6. Cover grill as much as possible during the grilling process. This helps to lock in the grilled flavor and will help prevent flare-ups.
  7. Keep a spray bottle with water handy to douse any unexpected flare-ups.
  8. Use the 60/40 grilling method. Grill for 60 percent of the time on the first side, then grill 40 percent of the time after turning over the food. This will make sure your food is evenly cooked.
  9. Place cooked food on a clean plate. Never place cooked food on the plate you used to transport the raw food to the grill without thoroughly washing it first.
  10. Allow foods to “rest” for 5 minutes between cooking and eating. This will help them retain moisture when you cut into them.

To get your grill time just right, download SteakTime, Omaha Steaks’ free app with an innovative grill timer, at www.itunes.com/appstore.

WORDS: 299

SOURCE: http://www.culinary.net/articlesfeatures/FeatureDetail.aspx?ID=4879

VOCABULARY: zesty, searing, spatula, flare-ups, douse

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What are some methods used to grill in your country?
  3. What seasonings are used to grill in your country?
  4. Will you use some of these tips the next time you grill? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who is supplying the recipes in this article?
  2. A fork is recommended to flip the meat. (T or F)
  3. Flare-ups always occur when grilling. (T or F)
  4. Grilled meat should never be put on the same plate it was on before being cooked unless the plate is rinsed off. (T or F)
  5. What is the name of the application to assist with grilling times?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • fire up the grill (P1)
  • give your taste buds (P1)
  • season food (tip 3)
  • cut into them (tip 10)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.diningchicago.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/steak-reduced.jpg

What is Cyber-bullying?

[Technology ★★★]

cyber-bullying

(P1) Cyber-bullying is a form of online harassment of a person.  This problem was almost unheard of only 15 years ago.  However, more and more people are now using the Internet.  This is creating new problems for society.   On the Internet, it is easier for people to hide their identity. This can encourage bullies to use the Internet to engage in this kind of harmful behavior.  There are many ways that cyber-bullies use the Internet to hurt their victim.

(P2) Cyber-bullies might use social media sites like Facebook or Twitter to make hurtful comments about another person.    They may spread rumors or lies about someone, which can damage the victim’s reputation.  Cyber-bullies often pose as another person in order to try and make their victim say something embarrassing.  They might also try to trick their victim into believing they are in a romantic relationship or friendship that is not real.  Another form of cyber-bullying is to post embarrassing photographs or videos of the victim without asking permission.  These can remain on the Internet for years so they are very distressing for victims.

(P3) This type of bullying is becoming more common, especially among young people.  A 2010 CBS News report showed that 42% of young Americans have been the victim of cyber-bullying.  Some victims of cyber-bullying have even committed suicide.  Many governments are trying to make online harassment illegal.  Forty-five states in America have passed laws to prevent online bullying.  Canada is currently considering passing a strict law against cyber-bullying.  It will take some time before society learns how to cope with the potential drawbacks of this new technology.

WORDS: 266

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/cyber-bullying/

VOCABULARY: harassment, bullies, rumors, reputation, pose, distressing, drawbacks

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever been a victim of cyber-bullying?
  3. Is it illegal in your country to cyber-bully? If no, should it be?
  4. Which social media sites do you use? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What is another name for online harassment?
  2. What can people hide to help them be a cyber-bully?
  3. Photos and videos don’t stay on the internet for a long time. (T or F)
  4. What percentage of young USA residents have been victims of cyber-bullying?
  5. Canada has already passed a cyber-bullying law to make it illegal. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • unheard of (P1)
  • trick their victim (P2)
  • currently considering (P3)
  • passing a strict law (P3)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://s.aolcdn.com/hss/storage/midas/579dd63b097ea1d749a0677b57934faa/203891223/celovpn-editorial.jpg

8 Best Cities for Non-Meat-Eaters

[Lifestyle ★★★]

soy-whey-protein-diet

(P1) Sometimes being a vegetarian on the hunt can mean settling for the only black bean burger/grilled cheese/pizza slice on the menu. For those culinarily deprived non-meat-eating souls, Treehugger has rounded up a list of the world’s most vegetarian-friendly cities, taking into account the number of vegetarian joints per capita, their ratings, and percent of those joints with four and five-star reviews. For your vegetable-consuming pleasure:

  1. New York City: The Big Apple has a vegetarian eatery per every 2,107 people, and 88% of them have a four or five-star review.
  2. Portland: No surprise here that Portland has one vegetarian establishment per every 612 people.
  3. Chiang Mai: Thai food has long been kind to vegetarians, and this city’s eateries have an average 4.29 out of 5 rating.
  4. Berlin: While you might have been expecting nothing but wurst and schnitzel, the German capital was named the New Vegetarian Capital by Saveur last year.
  5. Ho Chi Minh City: Vietnam is 85% Buddhist, which means a lot of residents go meat-free on the 1st and 15th of each lunar month.
  6. Prague: A Czech staple is Smazeny Syr, which is breaded fried cheese served with chips and tartare sauce.
  7. London: One restaurant per 939 people.
  8. Seoul: Kimbap and bibimbap are popular favorites, though few restaurants are completely vegetarian: Just one for every 51,071 people.

Click for the rest of the list.

WORDS: 232

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/231092/8-best-cities-for-non-meat-eaters.html

VOCABULARY: culinarily, deprived, rounded up, joints, lunar, staple, tartare sauce

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are you a vegetarian? Why or why not?
  3. Which vegetables do you like to eat?
  4. What are some staple foods in your country?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who collected the list of top cities to find vegetarian joints?
  2. What percentage of the vegetarian-friendly restaurants in NYC have a 4 to 5-star rating?
  3. Which city is in the fourth spot?
  4. What are 2 common foods eaten in Germany?
  5. South Koreans love to eat what 2 dishes?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • on the hunt (P1)
  • non-meat-eating souls (P1)
  • vegetarian eatery (#1)
  • no surprise here (#2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://www.carehospitals.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Soy-whey-protein-diet-2.jpg

Shopping Benefits

[Health ★★★]

leeds_shopping_arcade-resized

(P1) Shopping may be bad for your wallet but it is good for your health, say some experts.  Recent studies have shown that “retail therapy” is an effective way of helping people to deal with depression.  People who are feeling blue often believe that they cannot control their surroundings.  However, making decisions about what to purchase helps restore feelings of control over environment and self.

(P2) Shopping can also be considered a form of entertainment, which can also help lift spirits.  Finding a great bargain, for example, can also build up one’s feelings of self-worth.Shopping for other people can also help people form healthy relationships.  For example, grandparents can bond with their grandchildren by purchasing new toys for them.  This connection can make them happier because they feel closer to their family.

(P3) Shopping can help improve a person’s mood and it can also be good for your physical health.  A recent article in The Daily Telegraph newspaper in Britain revealed that walking and carrying shopping bags can burn off 385 calories in a week.  A study by one department store in England says that women walk an average of three miles for every two and a half hours of weekly shopping.  Men tend to walk for only 1.5 miles during their average weekly shopping, which usually lasts around 50 minutes per week.  The charity, The Heart Foundation, also advocates people to shop because it prevents them from sitting, which can also be very bad for the heart.

WORDS: 245

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/shopping-benefits-2/

VOCABULARY: restore, bargain, build up, bond, burn off, advocates

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like going to the shopping mall? Why or why not?
  3. When you go shopping, what do you like to shop for?
  4. Do you think shopping is addicting? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. “Retail Therapy” can help people reduce what mental condition?
  2. Another benefit of shopping is it provides a way to entertain oneself. (T or F)
  3. Which periodical performed a study about the health benefits of shopping?
  4. A department store’s study suggests men walk 1 hour per week when shopping. (T or F)
  5. According to the article, sitting too much can increase heart disease. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • feeling blue (P1)
  • lift spirits (P2)
  • self-worth (P2)
  • tend to walk (P3)

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Image source: by “unknown” Public Domain

The world needs 69 million more teachers

[Jobs ★★]

teaching-jobs

(P1) The world needs 69 million teachers by 2030. The United Nations (UN) promised that every child would go to school. Finding those teachers needs a lot of work. The biggest need is in Africa and Asia. There are not enough teachers. Over 263 million children do not go to school. Around 25 million of these might never go.

(P2) There are not enough teachers in countries that are growing because there are more children. The UN says things will get worse if we don’t act now. In some countries, only 60 percent of teachers are trained. In other countries, there are over 100 children in one classroom. This has been a problem for many years.

WORDS: 115

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1610/161006-teachers-0.html

VOCABULARY: promised, might, worse, trained, classroom

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you like to be a teacher? Why or why not?
  3. Are there a lot of children in your country that don’t go to school? If so, why?
  4. Are teachers in your country paid well? If no, should they be paid better?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many teachers does the world need?
  2. Which areas of the world have the biggest need for teachers?
  3. How many children in the world don’t go to school?
  4. Some countries have more than 100 kids in a class. (T or F)
  5. Too many children in a classroom has been a problem for many years. (T or F).

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • by 2030 (P1)
  • needs a lot of work (P1)
  • not enough teachers (P1)
  • act now (P2)
  • over 100 children (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://camblyblog.files.wordpress.com/2016/10/39b54-teaching2bjobs2bin2buk.jpg