Week113

[World News ★] Refugees Leave Calais

[Animals ★] Mother Whale Helps Baby

[Sports ★★] Soccer History: Pelé

[Technology ★★] Apple’s New Laptop

[World News ★★] Three-quarters of British people commit micro crimes

[Food ★★★] Octopus

[World News ★★★] Myanmar and Iraq most generous countries

[Technology ★★★] Boeing May Dramatically Change the Way We Fly

[Lifestyle ★★★★] Skimping on sleep and skipping the stretch: Five things that are ruining your workout

[Travel ★★★★] How to Recover From Air Travel

 

How to Recover From Air Travel

[Travel ★★★★]

78426136

(P1) Once we set foot on an airplane, we essentially become baggage. We can’t do anything to reduce the length of the flight, eliminate the bumpiness, or render our seats any more comfortable. Rapid recovery from a plane flight does rest in our hands; however, both in the way we approach the flight itself and the steps we take once we land. Plan carefully, and your jet lag will vanish rapidly; ignore the effects of the flight on your body and it may take days to reset your internal clock.

(P2) STEP 1: Schedule meetings at your destination based on the time zone from which you are departing. If you live on the West Coast and have a meeting in New York, set the meeting for 1:00 p.m., which would be 10:00 a.m. according to your internal clock. This allows you to stay focused and remain at your best during such meetings, especially if you’re taking a short trip with a rapid turnaround.

(P3) STEP 2: Drink lots of water during your flight. Airplane cabins are extremely dry and dehydration makes it tougher to recover. If you’re not sure you can get water on the plane, purchase some at the airport after you go through security; you can’t bring liquids in large amounts through the security checkpoint, but you can purchase them afterward. Continue drinking water once you reach your destination, and stay away from alcohol or caffeine on the plane; both are diuretics, which further dry you out.

(P4) STEP 3: Gauge your arrival time and plan to either sleep or stay awake on the plane accordingly. If you arrive late in the day and stay awake on the plane; you’ll be tired and want to sleep when you land. If you land in the morning or early part of the day, try to sleep on the plane so you’ll be refreshed when you arrive.

(P5) STEP 4: Exercise on the plane, even if it’s just a little bit. Get up and stretch periodically, and walk up and down the aisles. If you can’t get out of your seat, then perform small stretching exercises targeting your legs and feet. If you have a stopover, see if you can get off the plane, then walk or perform some basic exercises in the terminal. It keeps your blood flowing and prevents aches, which can lengthen your recovery time from the flight.

(P6) STEP 5: Caffeinate after you land if you arrive in the morning, and avoid napping during the day if you can help it. Coffee, tea, or caffeinated soda will keep you alert and awake until the evening when you can engage in your normal sleep cycle. Conversely, stay away from caffeine if you land in the evening; it disrupts your normal sleep patterns.

(P7) STEP 6: Exercise in the morning after you land, especially if you can do so outdoors in the sunshine or in a brightly lit gym. The lights and activity help your body naturally reset its internal clock, speeding your recovery. If you have trouble getting up, set an alarm clock to help you.

WORDS: 511

SOURCE: http://traveltips.usatoday.com/recover-air-travel-11201.html

VOCABULARY: render, internal clock, turnaround, diuretics, stopover, conversely

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever been on a flight longer than 6 hours? If so, how did you feel the following two or three days?
  3. What do you do to pass the time away when traveling on an airplane?
  4. What are your eating and drinking habits when traveling on an airplane?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Recovering from a flight can be controlled by us. (T or F)
  2. The inside of an airplane is not arid. (T or F)
  3. When traveling in a plane it’s important to drink plenty of water. (T or F)
  4. It’s never advisable to drink beverages with caffeine right after a flight. (T or F)
  5. Working ou the morning after your flight is recommended. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • set foot on an airplane (P1)
  • which further dry you out (P3)
  • normal sleep cycle (P6)
  • speeding your recovery (P7)

Cambly Practice Button

Skimping on sleep and skipping the stretch: Five things that are ruining your workout

[Lifestyle ★★★★]

istock-49683686-medium

(P1) You’ve woken up early, done your workout, now you can live guilt-free for the rest of the day, right? Wrong, actually.

(P2) What you do afterward is almost as important as what you do during your time at the gym, and getting it wrong could undo all of your hard work.

(P3) Top New York trainer Julius Jamison said there are five big mistakes that people make most of the time.

(P4) He told Well And Good: “From the foods we eat to the amount of rest we get, the decisions we make post-workout all impact the way our body recovers, repairs, and even grows.”

(P5) So are you mucking up your workout gains with mindless oversights? Check your post-workout routine to make sure you’re not making these key mistakes.

You don’t drink enough (water, obviously)

(P6) You’ve got to drink more water than normal after a workout to make sure your body properly rehydrates.

(P7) A proper recovery drink that can replace electrolytes and your glycogen levels is also really useful. Your body will thank you.

You sit still for the rest of the day

(P8) If you’re stuck in one spot for the rest of the day, your body will tighten up. Not fun. We’re not talking about just stretching here, “active recovery” which raises your heart rate at some point during the day will work wonders.

You don’t get enough sleep

(P9) Getting enough sleep is crucial to maintaining everything from your skin to your concentration levels.

(P10) It’s also really important for allowing your body to repair and recharge.

(P11) Jamison said: “Our bodies recover and rebuild the most when we’re sleeping, so proper rest is key.”

You munch fatty food

(P12) Obviously, you shouldn’t be tucking into fast food after your gym session, but even healthy fats could cause problems.

(P13) “Fats slow down the digestive process, so you never want to consume too much after your workout,” Jamison said.

(P14) “You want to eat fast-acting nutrients that are able to enter the bloodstream and get to the cells quickly.”

(P15) Instead, opt for quality protein and carbs that enter your bloodstream quickly; feed those muscles.

You don’t stretch

(P16) No excuses, it doesn’t matter how busy your day is afterward, you’ve got to stretch.

(P17) Your muscles have been contracting for an hour, you’ve got to undo that.

(P18) “Failing to stretch post-workout could cause limitations in your range of motion, which could make you more susceptible to injuries.”

WORDS: 397

SOURCE: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/workout-exercise-tips-advice-sleep-stretch-what-ruining-your-sessions-a7382806.html

VOCABULARY: mucking up, electrolytes, glycogen, wonders, crucial, tucking into, contracting

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What physical activities do you like to do?
  3. Do you think you drink enough water every day? Why or why not?
  4. Do you think the majority of people who workout make these mistakes? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. It doesn’t matter what you do after working out. (T or F)
  2. You should drink more water post-workouts. (T or F)
  3. According to top New York trainer Julius Jamison, our bodies recover the most when?
  4. Good fats can create issues also after working out. (T or F)
  5. You can skip stretching sometimes after working out. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • mindless oversights (P5)
  • your body will tighten up (P8)
  • feed those muscles (P15)
  • your range of motion (P18)

Cambly Practice Button

Myanmar and Iraq most generous countries

[World News ★★★]

5760

(P1) Myanmar was once ruled by a military junta but changed after returning to democratic ways. The Charities Aid Foundation (CAF) has just stated the country has the world’s most generous people. It is the third successive year it has got this accolade. The CAF “World Giving Index” found that 91 percent of Myanmar residents gave to charity in the past year, 62% helped a stranger, and 55% volunteered. A government spokesman said: “The results demonstrate very sharply how a ‘poor’ country can be a ‘rich’ one through its generosity, by focusing on giving rather than getting.”

(P2) The report also found that people in Iraq are the kindest to strangers. Eight in 10 Iraqis helped someone they don’t know in the past year. The BBC commented on the significance of this, given the turmoil Iraq has been in for years. It stated that: “It is the kindness of Iraqis to complete strangers in the face of years of conflict and terrible violence which stands out on the list.” The CAF said: “The generosity of people, even in countries suffering from disaster and turmoil, is truly humbling.” It added: “Unconditional gifts of time and money are a life-changing force for good in the world.”

WORDS: 202

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1610/161028-charity-5.html

VOCABULARY: junta, charities, accolade, turmoil, humbling, unconditional

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Is it important for people to be kind and generous? Why or why not?
  3. Have you ever given your time or money to a charity? If so, how did it make you feel?
  4. Should more people in the world be kinder and more generous? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. In the past, Myanmar was governed by a military group. (T or F)
  2. What percentage of the citizens in Myanmar donated to charity over the past year?
  3. How many Iraqis during the past year were warm-hearted towards strangers?
  4. What two obstacles has Iraq encountered for years?
  5. Which two gifts does the CAF mention that can change people’s lives for the better?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • how a poor country can be rich (P1)
  • complete strangers (P2)
  • stands out (P2)
  • life-changing force (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Octopus

[Food ★★★]

octopus-titlea

(P1) Octopus is a dietary staple of various cultures throughout the globe and it’s no wonder. Octopus makes for a healthy meal. 85 grams of octopus have only 140 calories and 1.8 grams of fat. But more than the health benefits, many people simply find them delicious. Octopus can be prepared in a variety of ways.

(P2) In Japan, octopus (called tako in Japanese) are fried, cooked, and even served raw. Takoyaki is a fried ball of dough surrounding boiled octopus parts. It is often served at festivals or as part of the menu in Japanese restaurants. Sunamono is a dish that consists of vegetables and boiled octopus blended together and seasoned in a special vinegar-based dressing. Finally, raw octopus tentacles are commonly served on a bed of rice as a kind of sushi.

(P3) In Greece, grilled octopus has been a popular dish for thousands of years. The recipe is fairly basic as the octopus is first dried out in the sun and then roasted over charcoal for thirty to forty-five minutes. It is then served with lemon for additional flavor and washed down with a nice glass of ouzo. For a little variety, Greeks will sometimes eat octopus as part of a soup or mixed with tomato sauce. Greek chefs maintain that water should not be used during the cooking process and that the creature is best cooked in its own juices for maximum flavor.

(P4) In Central America, octopus ceviche is a spicy hot dish. Fresh octopus is chopped up along with Serrano pepper, onions, and garlic. These ingredients are mixed together in a small cup or bowl. Tortilla chips or crackers can be used as a crunchy garnish to the dish.

WORDS: 281

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/octopus/

VOCABULARY: staple, dough, seasoned, tentacles, ouzo, ceviche, garnish

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like to eat octopus? Why or why not?
  3. What are some international foods you like to eat?
  4. In Greece, they’ve been eating grilled octopus for thousands of years. Are there any dishes in your country that have been around for a long time? If so, what are they?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Octopus is not eaten in multiple countries. (T or F)
  2. Besides the health benefits of eating octopus, what’s another reason people eat it?
  3. Where do the Japanese usually serve Takoyaki?
  4. For how long has octopus been a favorite dish in Greece?
  5. What three ingredients are blended together with octopus in Peru?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • throughout the globe (P1)
  • on a bed of rice (P2)
  • fairly basic (P3)
  • washed down with a glass of ouzo P3)
  • chopped up (P4)

Cambly Practice Button

Three-quarters of British people commit micro crimes

[Lifestyle ★★]

image

(P1) A new report says there is a “wave of micro crime” in Britain. Researchers were shocked by their findings. One researcher said three in every four people you see in the UK are hiding a criminal history. Up to 74 percent of British people are ‘micro-criminals’. They have done at least one minor, ‘micro’ crime.” The most common crime is paying someone cash when they know that person will not pay tax on it.

(P2) Men were the most likely to commit micro crimes. About 80 percent of middle-class people and 70 percent of working-class people admitted to micro crimes. The second-most common micro crime was illegal downloading or streaming. About 30 percent of people did this. Other micro crimes include not paying for bags in supermarkets, lying about your age to get a better deal, and eating things in a supermarket without paying.

WORDS: 147

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1610/161026-micro-crime-1.html

VOCABULARY: shocked, criminal, commit, illegal, lying

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are micro-crimes committed in your country? If so, which ones?
  3. Why do you think so many people commit micro-crimes?
  4. Do you think people who commit micro-crimes should be punished if caught? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What percent of British residents have committed a small crime?
  2. Which micro crime occurs more often than others?
  3. Both men and women commit micro-crimes. (T or F)
  4. Around 70% of the middle and working class acknowledged they committed micro crimes. (T or F)
  5. Excluding the most common micro crime, what are three other micro crimes?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • “wave of micro crime” (P1)
  • three in every four people (P1)
  • middle-class (P2)
  • working-class (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Apple’s New Laptop

[Technology ★★]

maxresdefault

(P1) Apple unveiled its newest MacBook Pro last week. Tim Cook, the company’s CEO, called it absolutely incredible.

(P2) The laptop is thinner, lighter and comes with a fingerprint reader. There is also the new touch panel, which Apple calls the Touch Bar. It replaces the function keys and changes depending on the currently running application.

(P3) Standard USB ports and SD card slots are gone, but there still is a standard 3.5 mm headphone jack. The new versions cost $200 more than the 2015 models, so the prices are starting at $1,499 in the US.

WORDS: 93

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/apple-s-new-laptop-level-2/

VOCABULARY: unveiled, incredible, fingerprint, replaces, depending on, slots

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Would you buy this new laptop? Why or why not?
  3. Do you like Apple products? Why or why not?
  4. Are Apple products popular in your country? If so, why do you think they are?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who is the Chief Executive Officer of Apple?
  2. Which two adjectives describes the weight and size of the new laptop?
  3. What does Apple call the new touch panel?
  4. What two things did Apple eliminate from the new laptop?
  5. What is the minimum cost of the new device?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • last week (P1)
  • currently running application (P2)
  • are gone (P3)
  • starting at $1,499 (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” https://i.ytimg.com/vi/D1OtU3-mjLE/maxresdefault.jpg