Week117

[People ★] “Spiderman” in Barcelona

[World News ★] Tsunami in Japan

[Technology ★★] Seriously powerful weather satellite put into space

[Lifestyle ★★] Train at your door

[Living ★★] Tokyo

[World News ★★★] South Korean Leader Offers to Resign in Surprise Move

[Business ★★★] Bad Leaders

[World News ★★★] Country Sues Supermarket With Same Name

[Literature ★★★★] Cuban leader Fidel Castro leaves strong mark on modern political literature

[Sports ★★★★] Next target for Tiger Woods return: December tournament in the Bahamas

Next target for Tiger Woods return: December tournament in the Bahamas

[Sports ★★★★]

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(P1) Tiger Woods has a new return date: Dec. 1.

(P2) That might not come as a surprise, considering the tournament he plans to enter. It’s the World Hero Challenge, and he just happens to be the host.

(P3) What the heck, if you’re going to be on hand anyway why not play a few rounds of golf while you’re in the Bahamas? And, why not return ahead of your 41st birthday?

(P4) Woods hasn’t played a PGA Tour event since August 2015. He continues his long, arduous recovery from back surgeries. After announcing he would play the first tournament of the 2016-17 Tour schedule, Woods withdrew a few days before last month’s Safeway Open.

(P5) It sounded as if he was worried about embarrassing himself when he pulled out of that California tournament. “My game is vulnerable and not where it needed to be,” Woods said at the time.

(P6) Here was Woods’ statement in announcing his plans for the Safeway Open: “I’m looking forward to going to California for my foundation event and Safeway. I’m also excited to return to Turkey and Albany. It could be a fun fall.”

(P7) Contrast that with his announcement this week of playing in the Bahamas: “I am excited to make my return at the Hero World Challenge at Albany and play in this terrific tournament.”

(P8) The Turkey tournament, the Turkish Airlines Open, begins Thursday. Woods will not be the main course.

(P9) Woods did hedge on playing the Safeway Open, and there is no guarantee he won’t back out of the Bahamas event.

(P10) If Woods plays in the Bahamas, he still would not have made his return to the PGA Tour. The December tournament is open to 18 plays and not on any pro golf tour.

(P11) So how are fans taking the news of Woods’ Bahama plans? Not well, according to Golf Digest. If Twitter comments it posts are any indication, Tiger will be toast as a major attraction.

(P12) And if he backs out of this tournament, Woods will only alienate fans further. So unless he plays like Tiger Woods in his prime, Tiger Woods will not impress.

(P13) Hero, by the way, is an Indian motorcycle and scooter maker.

WORDS: 359

SOURCE: http://www.sportingnews.com/golf/news/tiger-woods-return-bahamas-world-hero-challenge-safeway-open-back-surgery-rehab-recovery/rpbgootdcnxx1s3cw385q1s70

VOCABULARY: arduous, vulnerable, hedge, be toast, alienate

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are you a golf fan? If yes, who are your favorite golfers? If no, why not?
  3. Have you ever participated in a tournament of any kind? If yes, what type of tournament was it?
  4. If you could be a champion sports player, which sport would it be and why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Tiger Woods will be back in action on _______________.
  2. When was the last time Tiger played in a tournament in the PGA?
  3. Woods will be the main attraction in the Turkish Airlines Open. (T or F)
  4. By playing in the golf tournament in the Bahamas, means Tiger Woods will be back in action in a PGA tournament. (T or F)
  5. What are 2 products produced by the company Hero?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • what the heck (P3)
  • pulled out (P5)
  • Woods will not be the main course (P8)
  • backs out (P12)
  • in his prime (P12)

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Image source: by THEARON W. HENDERSON/GETTY http://www.sportingnews.com/golf/news/tiger-woods-return-bahamas-world-hero-challenge-safeway-open-back-surgery-rehab-recovery/rpbgootdcnxx1s3cw385q1s70

Cuban leader Fidel Castro leaves strong mark on modern political literature

[Literature ★★★★]

Cuba Fidel Castro

(P1) The leader of the Cuban revolution and former President, Fidel Castro, who died on Friday night at the age of 90, left a strong mark on contemporary political literature, the media reported on Sunday.

(P2) A voracious reader, Castro was a close friend of Colombian writer, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, who affirmed that “an intellectual friendship” united them and they often discussed literature together, Xinhua news agency reported.

(P3) Castro once described himself as a “frustrated journalist” and, since leaving power in 2008, has often written opinion pieces for the state media.

(P4) The former President has remained politically active, beginning his column, “Reflections of comrade Fidel”, in March 2007, which eventually grew to over 400 articles on international and historical matters.

(P5) On various occasions, Castro referred to himself as “a soldier of ideas”. In 2011, Fidel Castro passed on the mantle of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) to his brother Raul Castro. At that time, Raul said: “Fidel is Fidel and does not need any rank to always occupy a leading place in the history, in the present, and the future of the Cuban nation.”

(P6) “While he has the strength to do so, and as he is luckily at the height of his political thought, from his modest condition of party militant and soldier of ideas, he will continue to contribute to the revolutionary struggle and to humanity’s most noble proposals,” Raul had said.

(P7) Since then, Castro was rarely seen or heard in public, a fact many saw as him not wanting to interfere in the updating of the island’s economic model, led by Raul. However, Castro published a number of books, including “One Hundred Hours with Fidel”, a lengthy autobiographical interview with the French-Spanish journalist, Ignacio Ramonet, in 2006.

(P8) In November 2008, “Peace in Colombia” was published, a text in which Castro revealed the inner workings of negotiations between different Colombian governments and Cuba and Havana’s participation in the Colombian peace process.

(P9) In 2010, the Cuban leader published “The Strategic Victory”, chronicling his early setback in the Sierra Maestra in the summer of 1958 and his constant days of struggle against the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista.

(P10) That same year, “The Strategic Counteroffensive” was published, which was a continuation of the previous volume, containing war stories, military orders, letters, photos, and maps of the push onto Havana and victory.

(P13) In 2012, came out “Guerrilla of Time”, another long autobiographical interview, spanning over 1,000 pages in two volumes, this time with Cuban journalist Katiushka Blanco.

(P14) Son of a Spanish immigrant and a Cuban farmer, Castro was born in Biran, a village in Holguin province, and went on to become one of the most prominent figures of the 20th century.

WORDS: 453

SOURCE: http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/books/cuban-leader-fidel-castro-leaves-strong-mark-on-modern-political-literature-4398516/

VOCABULARY: voracious, mantle, chronicling, counteroffensive, prominent

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What do you think it was like to live in Cuba when Castro was in power?
  3. What types of literature do you like to read? Why?
  4. After reading this article, do you want to read some of Castro’s writings? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. At one point in time, Castro described himself as a ___________________.
  2. When did Castro relinquish his power to his brother?
  3. In one of Castro’s writings, ___________________, he writes about helping Colombia with their internal peace.
  4. Who did Castro overthrow to gain power in Cuba?
  5. Castro’s parents were originally from what country?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • left a strong mark on contemporary political literature (P1)
  • passed on the mantle (P5)
  • in the updating (P7)
  • revealed the inner workings of negotiations (P8)
  • went on to become (P14)

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Image source: AP http://indianexpress.com/article/lifestyle/books/cuban-leader-fidel-castro-leaves-strong-mark-on-modern-political-literature-4398516/

Country Sues Supermarket With Same Name

[Business ★★★]

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(P1) It’s Iceland vs. Iceland. The island nation of Iceland says it’s taking legal action against British frozen-food chain Iceland over the right to use their shared name. Iceland’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs says it has challenged Iceland Foods at the European Union Intellectual Property Office. It says it is acting because the retail chain “aggressively pursued” Icelandic companies using the word Iceland in their branding, the AP reports. Iceland Foods holds a Europe-wide trademark registration for the word “Iceland,” and the Nordic country’s government said it was “exceptionally broad and ambiguous in definition.”

(P2) In a statement, the ministry said the situation has left the country’s firms “unable to describe their products as Icelandic.” The retailer, which has operated supermarkets across Britain for 46 years, said it would fight the claim. It said it does not believe “any serious confusion or conflict has ever arisen in the public mind” between the chain of stores and the volcanic Viking-founded nation. “We hope that the government will contact us directly so that we may address their concerns,” the company said. The two Icelands’ once had a close relationship. Icelandic retail conglomerate Baugur Group held a major stake in the grocer until Baugur’s collapse in the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis that devastated Iceland’s economy.

WORDS: 213

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/234543/country-sues-supermarket-with-same-name.html

VOCABULARY: branding, Nordic, ambiguous, conglomerate, devastated

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think the country of Iceland should take legal action against the company? Why or why?
  3. Are there any retail conglomerates in your country?
  4. What’s the economy like right now in your country?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The country of Iceland wants the company, Iceland, to allow both parties to use the Iceland name. (T or F)
  2. The nation of Iceland said the Europe-wide trademark is unusually _____________ and _________________.
  3. Business in Iceland can’t use ____________ to describe their products.
  4. How long has the merchant been in business in Britain?
  5. Both the nation of Iceland and the merchant have always had a good relationship until now. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • over the right to use (P1)
  • fight the claim (P2)
  • public mind (P2)
  • the volcanic Viking-founded nation (P2)

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Image source: by Frank Augstein http://www.newser.com/story/234543/country-sues-supermarket-with-same-name.html

Bad Leaders

[Business ★★★]

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(P1) Companies always try to find good leaders. Good leaders often make good decisions that can make money. They also work hard to keep workers happy by listening and helping out. At the same time, companies try to remove people who are bad leaders. This is because companies with bad leaders often have big problems. Bad leaders make mistakes that can cost lots of money. They also might do something that hurts the company’s image. There are several indicators of a bad leader.

(P2) Bad leaders are often scared to take chances. They are content to just keep doing what a company has already been doing for many years. People get bored at their jobs doing the same thing all the time.  Customers get tired of the same old product. Another business will make more money by sometimes taking a risk and doing something fresh.

(P3) Another sign of a bad leader is that they have problems with communication. When leaders can’t convey their own ideas in e-mails or in a meeting, the company is in big trouble. Poor communication can really harm a company. Also, leaders who can’t or won’t listen to their workers can also create problems. Most workers know their jobs very well. Their ideas are often valuable. If a leader won’t consider them, he might miss a chance to improve the company.

(P4) Finally, bad leaders don’t want to take responsibility when things go wrong. They blame their workers or other people on their team. Also, bad leaders take all of the praise when things go well. They do not thank their employees for doing a good job. This can hurt people’s feelings. Workers can become bitter and quit their jobs. It takes time and money for the company to find new workers.

WORDS: 293

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/bad-leaders/

VOCABULARY: indicators, content, risk, convey, praise, bitter

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your own words, describe a bad leader.
  3. In your own words, describe a good leader?
  4. Why do you think some bad leaders are hired or promoted?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. According to the article, companies always try to identify bad leaders and fire them. (T or F)
  2. Bad leaders do the same thing day in and day out. (T or F)
  3. A bad leader has problems ________________ with his team and writing emails.
  4. According to the article, only some people know their jobs well. (T or F)
  5. If a worker is unhappy with their leader, he/she may ___________ their job.

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • can cost lots of money (P1)
  • same old product (P2)
  • doing something fresh (P2)
  • often valuable (P3)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://dreamreader.net/lesson/bad-leaders/

South Korean Leader Offers to Resign in Surprise Move

[World News ★★★]

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(P1) South Korean President Park Geun-hye said Tuesday that she will resign her office once Parliament develops a plan for a safe transfer of power. The surprise announcement, which the opposition called a move to delay impeachment, comes amid prosecution claims that she conspired with a friend who handled government power from the shadows. Hundreds of thousands of people have rallied in Seoul each Saturday for the last five weeks to demand that Park steps down. “I will leave the matters about my fate, including the shortening of my presidential term, to be decided by the National Assembly,” Park said Tuesday in a live address to the nation, per the AP.

(P2) Opposition parties had been closing in on an impeachment motion against Park, and even her allies in the conservative ruling party have called for her to “honorably” step down rather than face impeachment. An impeachment motion vote has been planned for Friday. Park would be the first South Korean leader to resign since the country’s first president, Syngman Rhee, quit and then fled to Hawaii amid a popular uprising in 1960. The succeeding government was overthrown by a coup by Park’s late father, the military dictator Park Chung-hee, whose rule also abruptly ended when he was assassinated by his spy chief in 1979.

WORDS: 213

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/234705/south-korean-leader-says-shell-resign.html

VOCABULARY: resign, impeachment, conspired, uprising, succeeding, coup

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think Park should step down? Why or why not?
  3. Why do you think people in high ranking position, like leaders, abuse their power?
  4. In your opinion, do you think Park should be prosecuted and sent to prison? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The announcement made by Park to resign was not expected. (T or F)
  2. How many weeks in a row have the people in Seoul demonstrated to ask Park to leave office?
  3. Who was the first person in South Korea to hold the office of president?
  4. Park Chung-hee was the ruler of South Korea before Rhee. (T or F)
  5. Who killed the father of Park Geun-hye?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • handled government power from the shadows (P1)
  • to demand that Park step down (P1)
  • a live address to the nation (P1)
  • closing in (P2)

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Image source: by Ahn Young-joon http://www.newser.com/story/234705/south-korean-leader-says-shell-resign.html

Tokyo

[Living ★★]

tokyo

(P1) Tokyo is the capital city of Japan and has the largest population in the world. Ten percent (10%) of Japanese people live in Tokyo, and almost twenty percent (20%) of the population lives in the area around it. As of 2009, the population was about 12,989,000 people. Tokyo is the center of business, trade, and industry of Japan and also of Asia.

(P2) Tokyo means “the Eastern capital” in Japanese. It became the capital of Japan in the middle of 19th century when its name changed from “Edo” to “Tokyo”. Before then, Kyoto was the capital of Japan.

(P3) Tokyo has been described as one of the three most important cities for the world economy, along with New York City and London. In 2010 Tokyo was named the second most expensive city for foreign employees, and named as the fourth Most Livable City. Tokyo hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics and will also hold the 2020 Summer Olympics.

WORDS: 155

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/tokyo/

VOCABULARY: trade, industry, described, economy, expensive

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever been to Tokyo? If yes, did you like it? If no, do you want to go there?
  3. What is the approximate population of your hometown?
  4. Does your hometown have a meaning? If so, what is the meaning?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many people lived in the capital city in 2009?
  2. Tokyo is also a hub for trade in Asia. (T or F)
  3. A former name for Tokyo was ____________.
  4. In 2010 Tokyo ranked number 4 in the list of most livable places in the world. (T or F)
  5. After the year 2020, Tokyo will have hosted 2 summer Olympics. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • lives in the area around it (P1)
  • in the middle of the 19th century )P2)
  • livable city (P3)
  • will also hold (P3)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://dreamreader.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/tokyo.jpg