Week121

[Animals ★] Christmas in the Zoo

[Culture ★] Animal Window Cleaners

[Professions ★★] Women are better doctors but get paid less

[Food ★★] HOW TO MAKE WHITE RICE HEALTHIER

[Sports ★★] Wasim Akram

[World News ★★★] All Passengers Freed From Hijacked Plane

[Technology & Business ★★★] Apple AirPods are a ‘runaway success’, says CEO Tim Cook

[Music ★★★] Rock Music

[Health ★★★★] 3 Reasons Why You Should Listen to Music at Work

[Education ★★★★] Foreign Medical Students Face Difficulties in the U.S.

Foreign Medical Students Face Difficulties in the U.S.

[Education ★★★★]

a7af154f-64c4-4cea-aeb2-43afd2b196a0_cx0_cy1_cw0_w987_r1_s_r1

(P1) International students seeking a medical degree in the United States face serious stumbling blocks. First, there is often a language barrier. Students from non-English speaking countries could have a hard time understanding their work or communicating with professors.

(P2) Also, a medical education is very costly. First, students must complete an undergraduate degree. Then, most medical schools require at least four years of study. After medical school, students do at least three more years of training in their specific medical fields. They do receive some pay for this work. In addition, many medical programs at public universities in the U.S. do not accept international students. And private universities have fewer openings, creating a great deal of competition.

(P3) However, receiving a medical education in the U.S. is not impossible. Fatima Ismail is proof. The 32-year-old from Dubai says she knew she wanted to be a doctor at a very early age. “I was always fascinated by the brain and how it functions, and I love working with children. There is a huge population of children with developmental disabilities that are not taken care of very well in the Middle East in general and my home country, in particular.”

(P4) So, Ismail completed medical school in her home country. Then, she applied to a residency program at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Ismail spent time as an exchange student at Johns Hopkins during her time in medical school.

(P5) She says many of her fellow students applied to more than 10 or even 20 different programs. “It’s a very competitive process. Being an international medical school graduate, we have fewer chances to be accepted because the priority would be for the U.S. graduates. Having said that, it’s not impossible. All that you need to do is, basically, early planning.”

(P6) Planning is highly important for foreign students seeking admission to U.S. medical schools. Paul White is the director of medical school admissions at Johns Hopkins. He says some schools do accept students with undergraduate degrees from their home countries. But most, he says, require U.S. study. “So we say we want to see at least one year of additional coursework in any area in the U.S. just so we can see the kinds of courses they are capable of taking and how well they may perform in those courses. And there’s no question that if they do well in the U.S., and they do well on the medical college’s admissions test, then they’ll be eligible for admission.”

(P7) India native, Karum Arora, is in his fourth year of medical school at Johns Hopkins. He studies eye diseases. He also completed his undergraduate studies at Johns Hopkins, as well as a two-year research program in his field. Arora says the professors he knew in his earlier studies helped him gain acceptance to the medical school. “I can’t even express in words how great my mentors were during those two years. And they were at Hopkins as well, and they both supported me when I applied for med school, guided me through medical school, worked on projects, and are supporting me now as I apply for residency as well.”

(P8) School administrators suggest international students should apply to residency programs in the U.S. after completing medical school at home. Or they should begin their American medical education at the undergraduate level. But, officials say, even candidates with the strongest history of study will face fierce competition.

WORDS: 565

SOURCE: http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/foreign-medical-students-face-difficulties-in-us/3628784.html

VOCABULARY: stumbling blocks, applied, fellow, eligible, mentors, fierce

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think students want to study medicine in the USA instead of in their own country?
  3. Do you think it’s important to have mentors in life?
  4. Is there competition between students in your country to be admitted to universities? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. According to the article, language obstacles occasionally occur with foreign students studying in the USA. (T or F)
  2. According to the article, a lot of public medical colleges accept international students and private colleges accept a handful of med students. (T or F)
  3. Fatima Ismail was an _____________ student at a university in Baltimore, Maryland.
  4. _____________ is extremely important for international students who want to be admitted into a medical university in the USA.
  5. Executives at medical universities in the USA recommend that international students complete _________________ in their home country before applying for residency programs in the US.

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • face serious difficulties (P1)
  • a great deal of competition (P2)
  • in his field (P7)
  • med school (P7)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by Lynn Sladky AP  http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/foreign-medical-students-face-difficulties-in-us/3628784.html

3 Reasons Why You Should Listen to Music at Work

[Health ★★★★]

20161228190814-6153063e51937c6afdd14991d3da8619081fbaf0-main-hero-image

(P1) There are some obvious pros and cons to the open office space. For one, off-the-cuff collaboration is easier, but it’s often harder to focus. Since calls, meetings, and all kinds of conversation are happening in the open, it’s natural to want to tune the world out with some headphones, especially when the office feels overwhelming.

(P2) But there’s a time and place for everything, and headphones are no exception. Here are the best times to listen to music in a way that will boost your productivity, instead of adding a distraction to your plate.

1. Noisy workplace? Play ambient, upbeat music.

When your environment is bustling, your brain will try to process all the sound as data. In that case, it’s a perfect time to slip on your headphones and some feel-good music.

This helps decrease stress and increase dopamine, so you can keep calm and focused.

2. Flip on the tunes during a repetitive task.

Entering spreadsheet data or making 100 name tags for an event? Music triggers neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine, resulting in faster results with fewer errors.

3. Listen to your oldies.

Your brain is constantly trying to process new data, so listening to familiar songs or ambient music is best for concentration. Anything too new, and your brain will be running extra hard in the background, even if you are trying to focus on that report.

(P3) In short, music can help amplify your productivity, especially when you’re strategic with when you choose to listen to it. When you do, quality headphones like the CES-honored A-Audio Legacy Noise Cancelling Headphones are a great way to further reduce distractions. This set is particularly useful for its ability to switch between passive audio, bass enhanced, and active noise cancellation modes, allowing you to curate your audio for optimal productivity.

WORDS: 300

SOURCE: https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/287136

VOCABULARY: off-the-cuff, ambient, bustling, dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine, curate

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think this article is advertising the aforementioned headphones? Why or why not?
  3. What genres of music do you listen to? Why?
  4. In your opinion, do you think music helps a person de-stress so they can keep calm and focused?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

  1. According to the article, what type of music type of music should you listen to in a loud work environment?
  2. Listening to some good music with headphones can help elevate ___________ and lower _____________.
  3. Music can set in motion neurotransmitters which can  help produce ______________ with _______________.
  4. According to the article, it’s better to listen to songs you know instead of ones you don’t know. (T or F)
  5. What are the three positions the headphones can be put in?

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • open office space (P1)
  • tune the world out (P1)
  • adding a distraction to your plate (P2)
  • flip on the tunes (#2)
  • listen to your oldies (#3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by Image credit: StackCommerce https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/287136

Rock Music

[Music ★★★]

rock-music-titlea

(P1) Few people might consider how today’s modern rock music evolved and where it began. By tracing rock music to its historical roots, we can discover that rock music evolved from an African American art form known as blues music.

(P2) Early blues music developed in the 19th century. It was very much an expression of sadness, which had evolved from the songs sung by African slaves as a way of coping with the harsh working conditions in the cotton fields of the American Deep South. These songs, in turn, have their roots in traditional African music. The calls and responses that workers used to communicate with each other in the fields also formed a fundamental structure of early gospel music, which also had a lyrical call and response structure.

(P3) Originally the music was purely vocal, but it evolved as time went by. After the abolition of slavery, guitars and other instruments were incorporated into the ensemble. Eventually, other forms of music began to diversify from the blues roots; such as gospel, ragtime, jazz, and eventually rock and roll.

(P4) Many early rock and roll songs such as those by Elvis Presley relied heavily on the traditional “12 bar blues” chord structure. This musical form merged with European influences during the 1960s and 1970s to become modern rock music. Nowadays, rock music is constantly evolving and branching out into new genres.

WORDS: 228

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/rock-music/

VOCABULARY: evolved, roots, coping, abolition, ensemble, chord, branching out

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What genres of music to you like? Why?
  3. Does your country have any traditional musical instruments? If yes, describe one?
  4. Who are some of your favorite bands and singers? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. According to the article, rock n roll developed from __________music.
  2. Blues music was used to express _____________.
  3. In the beginning, blues music was solely ___________.
  4. Besides rock and roll, blues music helped develop other types of music like __________, _____________, and ___________.
  5. According to the article, rock music continues to develop into new types. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • tracing rock music (P1)
  • in the fields (P2)
  • lyrical call and response structure (P2)
  • as time went by (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://dreamreader.net/lesson/rock-music/

Apple AirPods are a ‘runaway success’, says CEO Tim Cook

[Technology & Business ★★★]

airpods

(P1) The response to Apple’s AirPods may have been mixed so far, but the company described them as a “runaway success”.  Apple CEO Tim Cook, who was recently spotted touring the New York Stock Exchange, told CNBC in an interview the company had a “great holiday” quarter and called the AirPods a “runaway success”.

(P2) “We’re making them as fast as we can,” he added. Apple AirPods, which are a pair of totally wireless headphones, went on sale earlier this month and shipping started shortly after Christmas in the US and other countries.

(P3) Launched alongside the iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus, AirPods were first unveiled in September. They were originally scheduled to hit the market in October and were priced Rs 15,400 in India. Apple, however, delayed the release saying they needed “a little more time”.

(P4) AirPods are Apple’s first wireless earbuds and they look similar to the company’s wired earphones. Powered by a new W1 chipset, AirPods have sensors that determine when the earpieces are in your ears. AirPods can wirelessly connect to the iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus after Apple removed the headphone jack from its current flagships.

(P5) While the AirPods are now available for sale, some users have recently discovered battery-related issues with the charging cradle. The charging case comes with its own battery, and when you place the AirPods inside the case, they will be charged up. Apple claims the battery in the case should last 24 hours, but some users say they are not getting anywhere close to this number.

WORDS: 255

SOURCE: http://indianexpress.com/article/technology/gadgets/apple-airpods-are-a-runaway-success-tim-cook/

VOCABULARY: spotted, on sale, unveiled, flagships, cradle

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What is your opinion about Apple’s new AirPods?
  3. Do you believe Apple’s claim that the battery lasts 24 hours? Why or why not?
  4. If you don’t have an iPhone 7 or plus now, do you plan on getting one? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  • So far, the response from consumers about the AirPods has been a mixture of good and bad. (T or F)
  • The CEO of Apple states the sales of the AirPods so far have been a ________________.
  • The AirPods have ________ that know when the buds are in a persons’ ears.
  • Some users have reported ______________ issues with the AirPods.
  • Apple asserts that the battery should last _____________.

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • runaway success (title)
  • hit the market (P3)
  • powered by (P4)
  • anywhere close to this number (P5)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by  Marcio Jose Sanchez/AP  http://indianexpress.com/article/technology/gadgets/apple-airpods-are-a-runaway-success-tim-cook/

All Passengers Freed From Hijacked Plane

[World News ★★★]

1097843-11-20161223085238

(P1) A hijacking drama unfolded on an airport tarmac in Malta Friday, but it ended without violence. It began when two hijackers commandeered an aircraft carrying 118 people in the skies over Libya and diverted it to the Mediterranean island, reports Reuters. Claiming to have a hand grenade, the hijackers threatened to blow up the Afriqiyah Airways A320, which had been en route from one Libyan airport to another. After a few hours of negotiations, and once the plane landed, the hijackers freed everybody on board, then turned themselves over to troops, reports the Times of Malta. Their motives remain unclear, but they appear to revolve around the late Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi.

(P2) The hijackers said they belonged to a group called Al Fatah Al Gadida, which is loyal to Gadhafi, and they had promised to release all passengers if their demands were met. Those demands haven’t been made public, though one unconfirmed report says they called for the release of Gadhafi’s son Saif, per Morroco World News. The Times reports it’s the first significant hijacking involving the country since 1985. On Nov. 23 of that year, an EgyptAir Boeing 737 plane was forced to land on the island. A 1986 People article about a survivor of the deadly incident reported 57 of the 92 passengers died during the rescue effort.

WORDS: 220

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/235895/hijacked-plane-with-118-people-sits-on-runway.html

VOCABULARY: unfolded, commandeered, revolve, loyal, survivor

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion, do you think the hijackers’ demands were met? Why or why not?
  3. What are some motives for people or groups to hijack planes?
  4. What do you think would go through your mind if you were on a plane that was hijacked?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The hijacking occurred in the _____________.
  2. The hijackers took control of the plane over ___________.
  3. The motives of the hijackers appear to be related to whom?
  4. The demands of the hijackers were released to the public. (T or F)
  5. In which year did another hijacking occur that left 57 of the 92 passengers dead?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • airport tarmac (P1)
  • demands were met (P2)
  • haven’t been made public (P2)
  • was forced to land (P2)
  • rescue effort (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by TVM via AP http://www.newser.com/story/235895/hijacked-plane-with-118-people-sits-on-runway.html

Wasim Akram

[Sports ★★]

wasimakram-titlea

(P1) Cricket is a hugely popular sport in Pakistan, and there have been some incredible Pakistani cricket players. One of the all-time greats has to be the left-arm fast bowler and batsman Wasim Akram. Here are five fun facts about this record-breaking cricketer.

  1. He was born on June 3 in 1966.
  2. His nickname is The King of Swing because of his ability to swing a cricket ball.
  3. He took more than 500 wickets in one-day international matches (ODIs).
  4. He took an incredible 400 wickets in international test matches.
  5. He was placed into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame in 2009.

(P2) Even now he is still one of the most popular sports celebrities in Pakistan and a cricket legend around the world.

WORDS: 120

SOURCE: http://dreamreader.net/lesson/wasim-akram/

VOCABULARY: hugely, fast bowler, batsman, nickname, wickets, legend

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Is cricket a popular sport in your country?
  3. Who are some sports celebrities in your country? What sport do or did they play?
  4. If you could be a famous sports player, which sport would it be? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Cricket is not really a well-liked sport in Pakistan. (T or F)
  2. Akram uses his _________ arm.
  3. What year did Wasim Akram come into this world?
  4. Akram is in the ICC Cricket _________________.
  5. Akram is an internationally well-known cricketer. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • one of the all-time greats (P1)
  • left-arm fast bowler (P1)
  • he was placed into (#5)
  • even now (P2)
  • around the world (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://dreamreader.net/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/WasimAkram-titlea-547×360.jpg