MANY UK SCIENCE TEACHERS PLAN TO QUIT

[EDUCATION ★]

MANY UK SCIENCE TEACHERS PLAN TO QUIT

Science Teacher

(P1) Science teachers are the teachers most likely to consider quitting the classroom, according to new research suggesting that many feel OVERWHELMED by the work.

(P2) The results of the survey are ALARMING, given the SHORTAGE of experienced science teachers in many schools.

(P3) Nearly seven out of ten science specialists (69 per cent) have considered quitting teaching in the last six months. A high workload and dissatisfaction with their school’s leadership and management were the main reasons given by science teachers for wanting to quit.

(P4) The study found a WIDESPREAD “sense of DISILLUSIONMENT” across the teaching profession, with more than half (59 per cent) of all teachers surveyed considering leaving in the past 6 months.

(P5) The study of more than 1,000 teachers in England comes amid growing concerns around teacher shortages.

(P6) 59% of teachers have considered quitting in the past six months.

(P7) 76% blamed the workload, while 29% said they did not get enough support.

(P8) 43% are unhappy with the quality of leadership; 41% blamed pay.

(P9) 92% said the chance to make a difference in pupils’ lives was a major motivation for staying.

(P10) In November 2014 there were over 1,000 unfilled fulltime teacher VACANCIES in English schools, more than two and a half times as many as in 2010.  Meanwhile, another 3,000 posts were only temporarily filled.

(P11) Science teachers were significantly more likely to complain about pay with 48 per cent saying that their low salary had prompted them to consider quitting, compared to 43 per cent for all teachers surveyed.

(P12) They were also much less likely to recommend teaching. Nearly two thirds of science teachers (62 per cent) would not recommend teaching to their brightest student compared to 49 per cent for all teachers.

(P13) Shaun Reason, chief executive of the Association for Science Education, said that new science teachers probably started on roughly the same salaries as fellow science graduates but could become dissatisfied when they saw their contemporaries working in industry OVERTAKE their pay.

(P14) Alan Smithers, director of Buckingham University’s Centre for Education and Employment Research, said: “Science teachers really have got a difficult job to do in schools. They are responsible for classes that involve a lot of HASSLE and 20 to 30 potentially UNRULY students.”

(P15) The most common reason for choosing to train as a teacher, amongst those surveyed, was that people think they will be good at it – with 93 per cent saying it was an important factor in encouraging them to choose teaching.

(P16) Teachers said their main reason for staying in teaching was feeling they were having an impact, with 92 per cent saying the opportunity to make a difference in pupils’ lives was an important motivation for them.

(P17) Rod Bristow, President of Pearson UK, said: “This research points to a simple conclusion: teachers want to make a difference for our children; when they feel that they can’t do that, for whatever reason, we risk losing them from the profession.”

WORDS: 492

SOURCE: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/science-teachers-most-likely-to-consider-quitting-the-classroom-research-says-a6704576.html

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What was your favorite subject in school? Which subject did you like the least?
  3. Do you have any family members or friends who have worked as teachers?
  4. If university graduates in the sciences can make much money working in industry, why would they consider teaching as a profession?
  5. Teaching, along with nursing and SOCIAL WORK, is often considered a “CARING PROFESSION.” What do these professions have IN COMMON?

EXPRESSIONS TO PRACTICE:

What do the following expressions mean? Practice using each expression in a sentence; extra points if you can use it in conversation.

  • Social work
  • Caring profession
  • In common

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EMBEZZLER HID AS A HIKER FOR SIX YEARS

[WORLD NEWS ★★]

EMBEZZLER HID AS A HIKER FOR SIX YEARS

James-Hammes-befor_3447766b

(P1) A former bottling company accountant who HID IN PLAIN SIGHT for six years as a hiker on the APPALACHIAN TRAIL pleaded guilty on Friday in U.S. federal court in Cincinnati to WIRE FRAUD as part of an $8.7 million EMBEZZLING scheme.

(P2) James Hammes, 53, who fled in February 2009 after FBI agents interviewed him about the fraud, agreed to pay nearly $7.7 million RESTITUTION during a HEARING Friday before U.S. District Chief Judge Susan Dlott.

(P3) Hammes faces up to 20 years in prison. SENTENCING will be at a later date.

(P4) The former Lexington, Kentucky resident spent the majority of his six years as a FUGITIVE hiking the Appalachian Trail and living under an ALIAS.

(P5) Hammes had been well-known along the 2,190 mile Appalachian Trail, which STRETCHES from Georgia to Maine, in his years as a fugitive, FREQUENTING BED AND BREAKFASTS.

(P6) Hikers knew him by the trail name “Bismarck” until his arrest by federal agents at an INN along the trail in Damascus, Virginia.

(P7) Hammes was accused of embezzling about $8.7 million from G&J Pepsi-Cola bottlers from 1998 to 2009. He had been called to company HEADQUARTERS in Cincinnati where he was asked about the missing money before he disappeared.

(P8) Hammes was accused of wire fraud and MONEY LAUNDERING in an INDICTMENT filed after he fled.

WORDS: 222

SOURCE: http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/10/23/us-ohio-trailfugitive-idUSKCN0SH2GF20151023

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why did it take the police six years to find this criminal?
  3. Are there any famous criminals from your country who are currently fugitives?
  4. Embezzling is a very common WHITE-COLLAR CRIME, and usually involves company officials who handle finances. Why is embezzling such a common crime?
  5. James Hammes’ appearance changed a lot when he let his hair and beard grow. Have you ever made a major change to your appearance?

EXPRESSIONS TO PRACTICE:

What do the following expressions mean? Practice using each expression in a sentence; extra points if you can use it in conversation.

  • Hide in plain sight
  • Wire fraud
  • Bed and breakfast
  • Money laundering
  • White-collar crime

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THE PITCH THAT CHANGED BASEBALL HISTORY

[SPORTS ★★★]

THE PITCH THAT CHANGED BASEBALL HISTORY

Ray-Chapman

(P1) Two baseball teams competing for the 1920 American League CHAMPIONSHIP SQUARED OFF on a DRIZZLY August afternoon at the Polo Grounds in New York. On the MOUND for the New York Yankees, who TRAILED the opposing Cleveland Indians by just a half-game in the STANDINGS, was their ACE Carl Mays, a DISAGREEABLE, right-handed SUBMARINE PITCHER whose CONTORTED, underhand motion was so extreme that his KNUCKLES sometimes SCRAPED the ground.

(P2) Mays’ first pitch in the fifth inning, a FASTBALL HIGH AND TIGHT to Cleveland’s SCRAPPY SHORTSTOP Ray Chapman, a 29-year-old newlywed with a daughter ON THE WAY, was met with a crack that sounded throughout the ballpark. The ball DRIBBLED back toward Mays, who threw it to first baseman Wally Pipp. Mays watched as Pipp caught the ball and then froze, looking toward HOME PLATE. It was then that Mays and others in the ballpark realized the crack they’d heard was not Chapman’s bat.

(P3) There have been ON THE ORDER OF 50 million pitches thrown in a BIG LEAGUE game since the origin of major league baseball in 1871. Only one has been LETHAL. That pitch would end Ray Chapman’s life, permanently SCAR Carl Mays’ career, and help CHANGE THE COURSE OF baseball history.

(P4) As players and men, Mays and Chapman could not have been more different, something that made their FATEFUL encounter even more powerful in the public’s imagination. As Mike Sowell details in his book The Pitch That Killed, Mays was likely the most unpopular player in the game, a MOODY LONER off the field, and a FIERCE competitor on the mound, whose reputation for being a “HEADHUNTER” put him among the league leaders in HIT BATSMEN. In one game against the equally DESPISED Ty Cobb, Mays threw directly at Cobb every time he came to the plate, and Cobb RECIPROCATED by throwing his bat at Mays. The unpopular pitcher yelled at his own fielders when they made an ERROR, and once even threw at — and hit — a HECKLING fan in the stands.

(P5) Chapman, on the other hand, was well-liked by both players and fans. Before the season, the infielder had married the daughter of a wealthy Cleveland businessman who was EAGER for his son-in-law to retire from baseball and join the family business. Chapman was WIDELY CONSIDERED the best shortstop in the league.

(P6) Unfortunately, Chapman also stood unusually close to the plate and HUNCHED over it — in an era when BATTING HELMETS were still 50 years away from becoming MANDATORY. “His head was in the STRIKE ZONE,” Muddy Ruel, the Yankees CATCHER that day told a reporter years later. BY ALL ACCOUNTS, Chapman barely moved an inch when Mays’ pitch smashed into the side of his head.

(P7) Ruel caught Chapman as he COLLAPSED, the home-plate UMPIRE called for a doctor, and the FALLEN batter was carried from the field. At St. Lawrence Hospital, doctors found a FRACTURE on the left side of Chapman’s skull that was more than 3 inches long, and his brain had LACERATIONS on both sides from hitting bone. Doctors operated into the night, but shortly before sunrise, Chapman died. When his pregnant widow was greeted with the news, she FAINTED.

(P8) Mays was also DISTRAUGHT on hearing the news. Despite Mays’ reputation as a headhunter, most observers felt that he had not been aiming at Chapman, and the death was ruled accidental. But the accident would HAUNT Mays until his death in 1971 at age 79, casting a dark shadow over a career in which he RACKED UP a 207-126 won-lost record and 2.92 ERA in 15 seasons, among the best STATISTICS for a pitcher not in the HALL OF FAME.

(P9) The Cleveland Indians would manage to RECOVER and win their first WORLD SERIES that fall IN HONOR OF their fallen shortstop. And, beginning the following season, Major League Baseball would INSTITUTE rules requiring new balls be introduced into games more regularly to ensure that they didn’t become too dirty to see. Of course, easier-to-spot balls were also easier to hit. So Chapman’s death, along with the elimination of the SPITBALL and the rise of the HOME-RUN-hitting SLUGGER Babe Ruth, would help USHER IN the SO-CALLED LIVE-BALL ERA of the modern game, in which higher-scoring contests with more home runs would ELECTRIFY a new generation of fans.

WORDS: 718

SOURCE: http://news.yahoo.com/fatal-pitch-changed-baseball-history-080000724.html

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever been injured while playing a sport?
  3. Baseball is generally not considered one of the most dangerous sports. Which sports do you think are the most dangerous?
  4. Carl Mays killed Ray Chapman by accident. How do you think it would feel to LIVE WITH THAT?
  5. Baseball, like soccer and American football, has its own vocabulary and takes some time to learn and understand. Are there any sports that you really don’t understand?

EXPRESSIONS TO PRACTICE:

What do the following expressions mean? Practice using each expression in a sentence; extra points if you can use it in conversation.

  • Square off
  • On the way
  • On the order of
  • Big league
  • Change the course of
  • Widely considered
  • By all accounts
  • Rack up
  • In honor of
  • Usher in
  • Live with something [bad]

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