Plastic Endangers World Oceans

[Environment ★★]

plastic-in-ocean

(P1) The pollution of the oceans through waste, especially plastic, is a worldwide problem. Although most of the world’s waste stays on land, an increasing amount is getting into the world’s oceans. They are gradually becoming the largest plastic dump in the world.

(P2) Over the last decades, we have been producing more plastic than ever before. Due to our consumer habits we often use plastic only once, then throw it away. Only very small amounts of plastic are recycled and can be used again. One of the biggest threats is the 50 billion plastic bags that are used every year.

(P3) Plastic gets into the oceans in various ways. People who bathe on beaches pollute water in coastal regions. Tons of waste is dumped into the oceans from big ships.

(P4) It is estimated that over 270000 tons of plastic are currently floating on the world’s oceans. Most of it is very small, sometimes even impossible to see. However, there are also larger items like plastic toys or bags.

(P5) The pollution of the world’s oceans through plastic has a widespread impact on humans, our nature, and the environment.

  • Sea animals like sea lions and seals get caught in plastic and cannot escape.
  • Seabirds, whales, turtles, and other animals eat plastic and digest 
  • Plastic eaten by fish goes up the food chain. Dangerous substances end up in our stomachs.

WORDS: 226

SOURCE: http://www.english-online.at/news-articles/environment/plastic-endangers-world-oceans.htm

VOCABULARY: gradually, dump, habits, coastal, estimated, impossible, digest, food chain

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you agree that there’s a worldwide water pollution problem? Why or why not?
  3. Does your country have a litter law? Is it enforced? Explain
  4. Why do people litter?
  5. What can people and governments do to decrease the amount of water pollution?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES: What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Over the last decades (P2)
  • Due to (P2)
  • Bathe on the beaches (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” https://usercontent1.hubstatic.com/8789360_f520.jpg

Worries over eating disorders in Japan

[Health ★★]

160042-164442

(P1) A group in Japan is worried about people with eating disorders. The Japan Society for Eating Disorders (JSED) said people who eat too much or too little receive no support. The JSED said many people are ill because of being overweight or underweight. It said few of these people get medical help. The president of JSED said: “Hundreds of thousands of people are suffering in silence. There are very few services available to help people.” He added: “It’s often too late by the time the patient is seen in a hospital. Their condition is very severe. Sometimes they are even close to death.”

(P2) Japan’s Ministry of Health said it was difficult to find out how many people suffer from eating disorders. It said many women were too embarrassed to see a doctor and did not want to admit they had a problem. A spokesman said the government was trying to publish more information about eating disorders. He said: “We want to set up local systems of support where their illness can be picked up early, so people can be helped sooner.” Figures show that in 2014, only 10,000 people in Japan got treatment for eating disorders, compared to 725,000 people in the U.K.

WORDS: 203

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1604/160427-eating-disorders-2.html

VOCABULARY: disorders, overweight, underweight, severe, embarrassed, spokesman, figures

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are eating disorders a problem in your country?
  3. Are services available in your country for people who have eating disorders? Explain
  4. Would you tell a friend if you thought they had an eating disorder? Why or why not?
  5. Why do you think people have eating disorders?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES: What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Suffering in silence (P1)
  • Close to death (P1)
  • Set up (P2)
  • Illness can be picked up early (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://www.addictionsearch.com/_media/addictionsearch/stock/430_238/understanding_eating_disorders.jpg

Fire in Canada

[World News ★]

11_1024px-northwest_crown_fire_experiment

(P1) There is a fire in Alberta, Canada. It spread to the outskirts of a city and forced the evacuation of 80,000 people. One woman said that they could not even take their things. They lost everything.

(P2) The fire stretches for 6,540 acres. Firefighters are continuing to tackle the fire, and they called for more help from other parts of Canada.

(P3) Last Wednesday, it was windy, which made the firefighting even more difficult.

WORDS: 72

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/fire-in-canada-level-2/

VOCABULARY: outskirts, evacuation, stretches, acres, tackle, firefighting

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are there similar fires in your country sometimes? If so, where?
  3. How would you feel if you lost everything in your home?
  4. Where do you think the water comes from to fight this fire in Alberta Canada?
  5. Would you like to be a firefighter? Why or why not?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES: What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • From other parts of Canada (P2)
  • Last Wednesday (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image Source: By (Photograph used by permission of the USDA Forest Service.) – Bunk S: World on Fire. PLoS Biol 2/2/2004: e54. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020054.g001, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1370864

Cardboard boat

[Life ★]

13_800px-flickr_-_official_u-s-_navy_imagery_-_sailor_race_cardboard_boat_in_base_competition

(P1) Do you think you could build a boat completely from cardboard? Maybe you say, ”no”, but two men from England say, “of course you can!”

(P2) Over ten days, they turned 300 old boxes into a boat. They even made some life jackets and put a small outboard on the back. They made everything else from waste packaging, including the flag, which they made from bubble wrap.

(P3) They put the boat into the River Thames and all went to plan.

WORDS: 79

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/cardboard-boat-level-2/

VOCABULARY: completely, cardboard, life jackets, outboard, waste packaging, bubble wrap

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think these men built a cardboard boat?
  3. Can you build a cardboard boat? Why or why not?
  4. Do you think the boat will work for a long time? Why or why not
  5. Have you ever been on a boat? If yes, describe your experience. If no, would you like to go on a boat?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES: What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Over ten days (P2)
  • To plan (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image Source: By Official Navy Page from United States of America MC2 ROADELL HICKMAN/U.S. Navy, Public domain

https://www.flickr.com/photos/56594044@N06/5373594914