Week92

[Culture ★] Tobacco children in Indonesia

[Science ★] Holes in Swiss Cheese

[Animals ★★] U.S police to look into shooting of zoo gorilla

[Sports ★★] Boxing legend Muhammad Ali dies at 74

[Language ★★★] IELTS Writing strategies

[Entertainment ★★★] Axl Rose Trying to Erase ‘Fat Photo’ From Internet

[Business ★★★] More Than 40% of Top Managers Want to Leave Russia – Poll

[Technology ★★★] Facebook pushes mobile users to Messenger app

[Travel ★★★★] Flier Says Lack of Legroom Almost Killed Him

[World News ★★★★] Record showing for China on ‘power women’ list

Record showing for China on ‘power women’ list

[World News ★★★]

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(P1) Chinese women have made their strongest showing on Forbes magazine’s list of the world’s most powerful women.

(P2) The survey also included a record number of women from the UK, though German Chancellor Angela Merkel remains in the top spot.

(P3) Hillary Clinton, the US presidential candidate, and Janet Yellen, chair of the Federal Reserve, were second and third.

(P4) The US dominated the list with 51 women represented, while China was second.

(P5) There are a record nine women from the world’s most populous nation on the 2016 Power Women list. Lucy Peng, a senior executive at e-commerce giant Alibaba, and Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, are the highest-ranked. Also on the list are Pollyanna Chu, chief executive of Hong Kong financial services firm Kingston Securities, and China’s First Lady Peng Liyuan.

(P6) The survey features 100 women from 29 countries who represent sectors such as politics, business, technology, and philanthropy.

(P7) Forbes said the women on the list control $1tn (£694bn) in revenue and influence more than 3.6bn people around the world.

(P8) There are 32 chief executives on the list, 12 world leaders, and 11 billionaires, including nine who have built billion-dollar companies from scratch. The average age is 57, with Yahoo chief executive Marissa Mayer the youngest at 41 and Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II the oldest at 90.

(P9) The number of UK women who made the rankings doubled to six. Besides Queen Elizabeth, they include Nemat Shafik, deputy governor of the Bank of England, and Katherine Viner, editor of The Guardian. The newcomers are Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s First Minister, Zanny Minton Beddoes, editor of The Economist, and Eliza Manningham-Buller, chair of the Wellcome Trust.

(P10) This is the sixth consecutive year Mrs. Merkel has topped the list and the 11th time in total.

(P11) Among the most high-profile drop-offs is Dilma Rousseff, the former president of Brazil, who was impeached in May over allegations of violating fiscal rules, which she denies.

(P12) Elizabeth Holmes the founder of the blood-testing firm Theranos, also failed to make the list. US federal agencies are investigating Theranos over allegations its tests are inaccurate. Last week, Forbes lowered its estimate of Holmes’ personal fortune from $4.5bn to nothing, after previously declaring her America’s richest self-made woman.

WORDS: 369

SOURCE: http://www.bbc.com/news/business-36457785

VOCABULARY: dominated, populous, philanthropy, newcomers, impeached, allegations, fiscal

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think women in China are becoming more powerful in the world?
  3. Why do you think the USA dominated the list?
  4. Would you like to be a philanthropist? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Which periodical published the list?
  2. The list did not have a record breaking amount of women from the United Kingdom. (T or F)
  3. How many women in the survey are from the USA?
  4. Who was the most prominent person to be cut from the list?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Top spot (P2)
  • From scratch (P8)
  • High-profile (P11)
  • Drop-offs (P11)
  • Self-made (P12)

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Image source: by “unknown” GETTY IMAGES http://www.bbc.com/news/business-36457785

Flier Says Lack of Legroom Almost Killed Him

[Travel ★★★]

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(P1) An Air Canada passenger says a cramped 10-hour flight from Chile to Toronto in January has taken a serious toll on his otherwise impeccable health, and he wants the airline to “take a good hard look at what they’re doing,” he tells the CBC. Colin Savage, a 64-year-old avid cyclist and marathon runner, journeyed to Argentina on a hiking trip. After turbulence forced the passengers to stay seated for most of the flight, Savage, who is 6-foot-2, reports being cramped against the seat in front of him. Almost two days after his return home, Savage says he felt severe pain in his lower back. Doctors told him that he had deep vein thrombosis, and that blood clots had traveled up his legs and into his lungs, nearly killing him. The World Health Organization says anyone who travels in a cramped space for more than four hours is at risk; the CDC cites the same number of hours.

(P2) Air Canada said in a statement that the WHO “has advised there is no risk with air travel for healthy passengers” and that travel by train, bus, or car carries “similar risk.” A 2010 Telegraph article on the death of a healthy 36-year-old woman who spent most of a transatlantic flight asleep and died after blood clots reached her heart and lungs explain the mechanics: The veins in the pelvis are somewhat squashed when seated, making for sluggish blood flow in the calves. The reduced flow helps raise the risk of clots, an issue exacerbated by reduced oxygen pressure. As far as cramped spaces go, USA Today reported that seat pitch, the distance from a point on one seat to the same point on the one behind it, and a good approximation of legroom, has shrunk 2 to 5 inches, based on carrier, in 20 years. While airlines are making more extra-legroom seats available, the Wall Street Journal reports they make up more than a quarter of United’s coach seats, travelers have to pay extra.

WORDS: 332

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/225890/plane-passenger-says-lack-of-legroom-almost-killed-him.html

VOCABULARY: cramped, impeccable, transatlantic, squashed, sluggish, exacerbated, pitch, approximation

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. In your opinion do you think airplanes have sufficient legroom? Why or why not?
  3. Should a flier have to pay extra for more legroom, especially if they are tall? Why or why not?
  4. Do you think airlines should “take a good hard look at what they are doing”? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The flight was from Toronto to Chile. (T or F)
  2. How old is the flier?
  3. Deep vein thrombosis is when blood clots flow up from the legs to the brain. (T or F)
  4. Which organization suggested there is no danger of contracting deep vein thrombosis if the person is active and fit?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Taken a serious toll (P1)
  • Deep vein thrombosis (P1)
  • hard look (P1)

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Image source: by “unknowN’ Getty Images http://abcnews.go.com/Travel/good-bad-ugly-airlines/story?id=18737238

Facebook pushes mobile users to Messenger app

[Technology ★★★]

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(P1) Facebook users on Android devices are being notified that they will no longer be able to access messages without the Messenger app.

(P2) The function for members to read messages by accessing the social network on a mobile phone web browser is being disabled.

(P3) A message currently appears informing users of the coming change. On some handsets, the Play Store then launches.

(P4) Facebook said the move is an extension of its 2014 Messenger policy.

(P5) “Using the Messenger app is faster and enables richer interactions. We’re continuing to bring the best experiences we can to the 900 million people on Messenger,” it said in a statement.

(P6) Messages are already inaccessible via the official Facebook app.

(P7) However, Devin Coldewey at technology news website Tech Crunch described it as “a hostile move”. He wrote, “Surely the mobile site is much used by people who have good reason not to download the app.”

(P8) Some users have complained that they do not wish to use the app, citing battery life and privacy concerns.

Revenue growth

(P10) Analyst Martin Garner from CCS Insight told the BBC messaging is a key area for the company.

(P11) “This move underlines what an important platform messaging is becoming for Facebook,” he said.

(P12) “Messaging is undoubtedly the next growth driver for revenue but it also will be key to developing highly sophisticated artificial intelligence solutions.

(P13) “People will get used to a dedicated messaging app despite their initial objections. Facebook just needs to make sure that the app is well-written and does not start becoming a big drain on battery life.”

WORDS: 269

SOURCE: http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-36459986

VOCABULARY: handsets, extension, inaccessible, hostile, citing, underlines, undoubtedly, sophisticated

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think it was a smart move by Facebook to move conversations to a separate messenger app? Why or why not?
  3. Which messenger app do you use? Why?
  4. In paragraph 7, Dean Coldeway said Facebook made a hostile move. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The change to a separate messenger app is an add-on to Facebook’s Messenger policy in 2014. (T or F)
  2. How many users are on Messenger?
  3. What are the 2 main problems users are saying about the Messenger app?
  4. Messaging will not increase profits in the future. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Richer interactions (P5)
  • Battery life (P8)

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Image source: Facebook http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-36459986

More Than 40% of Top Managers Want to Leave Russia – Poll

[Business ★★★]

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(P1) Forty-two percent of senior managers want to emigrate from Russia, a poll by headhunting company Agentstvo Kontakt revealed Tuesday.

(P2) Almost one-sixth (16 percent) of respondents said that they intended to move to a different country within the next two years, the RBC news website reported.

(P3) The three most popular potential destinations were the United States, favored by 22 percent of participants, followed by Germany with 17 percent and Britain with 11 percent.

(P4) Forty-eight percent of those planning to move said that they would find work in a new company while 31 percent planned to start their own business. Another 20 percent said that they would live off the money they earned from leasing property in Russia.

(P5) The poll was conducted in May among 467 Russian high-level managers working in local or international companies.

(P6) Those wishing to move said that they were motivated by more favorable conditions for developing private businesses, better prospects of finding investors, and a higher quality of life.

(P7) Meanwhile, the number of foreign specialists working in Russia has been dropping since 2014.

(P8) In the first 10 months of 2015, the number of work permits issued for highly qualified EU specialists fell by 57 percent compared to the same period in 2013, RBC reported, citing data from the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA).

WORDS: 220

SOURCE: http://www.themoscowtimes.com/business/article/more-than-40-of-top-managers-want-to-leave-russia–poll/571410.html

VOCABULARY: emigrate, poll, headhunting, respondents, potential, prospects, specialists, work permits

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think the USA, Germany, and Britain are the most favorite destinations for the senior managers?
  3. If you had the opportunity to work in Russia, would you? Why or why not?
  4. Besides Russia, would you like to live and work in another country? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Which firm administered the survey?
  2. According to the survey, Britain was the top location. (T or F)
  3. When was the survey taken?
  4. What were the 3 reasons given for moving to another country?
  5. The number of foreign workers has increased in Russia. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Live off (P4)
  • Quality of life (P6)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://themoscowtimes.com/articles/more-than-40-of-top-managers-want-to-leave-russia-poll-53185

Axl Rose Trying to Erase ‘Fat Photo’ From Internet

[Entertainment ★★★]

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(P1) Axl Rose has been getting back in the spotlight of late—including a show last month with AC/DC and a reunion before that with Slash of Guns N’ Roses, which might explain why he’s getting a little defensive about his image. Torrent Freak reports that Rose’s representatives are trying to erase a “fat photo” of him from 2010 by sending takedown notices to Google. The image, shot during a concert in Winnipeg, has since spawned countless memes, notes CNET, including “Oh, sweet pie ‘o mine.” The takedown notice claims copyright infringement thusly: “Please be advised that no permission has been granted to publish the copyright image so we cannot direct you to an authorized example of it.”

(P2) The attempt “is a bit of a long shot,” notes Spin, given that other celebs such as Beyonce and Michael Jordan have failed in similar quests. Torrent Freak actually tracked down the Winnipeg Free Press photographer who took the image, Boris Minkevich, who was surprised to learn of Rose’s efforts to scrub the internet of the image. The issue is tricky because some shows require photographers to sign release contracts that can restrict the subsequent use of any images, and it’s not clear whether Minkevich had to so half-a-decade ago.

WORDS: 206

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226241/axl-rose-trying-to-erase-fat-photo-from-internet.html

VOCABULARY: spotlight, takedown, spawned, memes, infringement, celebs, quests, subsequent

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Which types of music do you like? Why?
  3. Do you think Google should be required to take down the photo?
  4. Do you think photos and videos make people look fatter? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Did Axl Rose perform with AC/DC last month? (Y or N)
  2. The photo was taken in Toronto. (T or F)
  3. Which other celebrities attempted to have an internet company remove pictures?
  4. Who is the photographer of the “fat photo”?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • To erase a “fat photo” (P1)
  • The imagine, shot during a concert (P1)
  • “is a bit of a long shot” (P2)
  • Scrub the internet of the image (P2)
  • Half-a-decade ago (P2)

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Image source: by Mark Allan/Invision/AP http://www.newser.com/story/226241/axl-rose-trying-to-erase-fat-photo-from-internet.html

IELTS Writing strategies

[Language ★★★]

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Spend 20 minutes on Task 1 (150 words) and 40 minutes on Task 2 (250 words). Task 2 is longer than Task 1 and is worth twice as many marks.

Before you write

  • Read the task and make a mental summary of the key points and overall trends/stages.
    Why? Because if you misinterpret the data or diagram, you will lose a lot of marks for content.

As you write

  • Introduce the information, in a sentence or two, using your own words.
    Why? Because if you copy the question, the examiner will not count these words.
  • Summarize the key points and use data to illustrate these.
    Why? Because you will lose marks if you miss key points or fail to illustrate them.
  • Include an overview of the information – either in your introduction or conclusion.
    Why? Because you will lose marks if your answer does not contain an overview.

How you write

  • Try to show that you can use your own words (wherever possible) and a range of grammatical structures.
    Why? Because you will get more marks for vocabulary and grammar if you can do this.
  • Divide your answer into paragraphs and use linkers to connect your ideas.
    Why? Because you will get more marks if you can organize your answer well and use a range of linking and reference words.

When you have finished

  • Count your words to make sure you have written enough.
    Why? Because short answers lose marks. (There are no extra marks for long answers.)
  • Check your grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
    Why? Because mistakes in these areas can reduce your marks.

WORDS: 264

SOURCE: http://www.ielts-exam.net/ielts-preparation-tips/IELTS-Writing-strategies.html

VOCABULARY: marks, misinterpret, illustrate, overview, linkers

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Do you agree with these strategies? Why or why not?
  2. Why do you want to take the IELTS exam?
  3. Is it important to practice and study for the exam? Why or why not?
  4. Would you recommend this article to another English learner? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Task 2 is shorter than task 1.  (T or F)
  2. Will you lose points if you do not include an overview? (Y or N)
  3. It’s not important to use connectors. (T or F)
  4. If you write too much, your score will be lower. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Mental summary (before you write)
  • Wherever possible (how to write)

Cambly Practice ButtonImage source: by “unknown” https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/d6/fd/5e/d6fd5e1d7025bdb09e9b26a5766e887a.jpg