Week93

[Science ★] Man Gets a New Face

[World News ★] School bus in Turkey

[Economy ★★] Swiss vote no to free monthly income for all

[World News ★★] World’s ‘most wanted’ people smuggler arrested

[Travel ★★★] The ‘Most Miserable’ Airport in America Has Been Named

[World News ★★★] Worst Mass Shooting in US History: Toll in Fla. Soars to 50

[Business ★★★] Microsoft Buying LinkedIn for $26B

[Life ★★★★] 11 Signs You Are A Person With High Aspirations

[Medical ★★★★] Antidepressants for Kids, Teens Don’t Work

[Technology ★★★★] How to take perfect pictures of your pet

Antidepressants for Kids, Teens Don’t Work

[Medical ★]

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(P1) A new study suggests that giving most antidepressants to kids and teens with depression is useless, and may even be harmful. Scientists took a look at 34 trials involving 14 antidepressants and 5,260 subjects with an average age of 9 to 18, the research study notes. Drugs studied included sertraline, sold under the brand name Zoloft, and escitalopram, or Lexapro. Findings? “The only one that is better than placebo and other drugs is Prozac [fluoxetine],” says the study’s lead author, reports the AP. Venlafaxine (Effexor), meanwhile, may actually pose a danger to youngsters: Subjects who took this drug showed an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and actual attempts compared to those who used placebos and five other antidepressants. The study was published in the Lancet journal.

(P2) Because of what researchers say is a dearth of reliable data, venlafaxine may not be the only antidepressant that could prove dangerous, leading to the scientists’ own caveat for this research: that the relatively small number of eligible studies they reviewed, the flawed design of some clinical trials, and misreported results may be masking the true risk involved with the studied antidepressants. The percentage of US youngsters up to age 19 taking antidepressants rose from 1.3% in 2005 to 1.6% in 2012 despite FDA warnings and psychological interventions still being encouraged as the first resort. “We recommend that children and adolescents taking antidepressants should be monitored closely,” a study co-author writes, “particularly at the beginning of treatment.” (Paxil, one of the drugs included in this research, was found to be unsafe for teens in a 2015 study.)

WORDS: 262

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226396/most-antidepressants-for-kids-teens-dont-work.html

VOCABULARY: antidepressants, brand name, placebo, youngsters, dearth, caveat, flawed, masking, interventions

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you agree or disagree that giving antidepressants to kids and teens may be harmful? Why?
  3. Why do people become depressed?
  4. Should drug companies perform more studies into the effects of their drugs? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many people and drugs were included in the new research?
  2. Zoloft and Sertraline are different drugs. (T or F)
  3. The people who are doing the research say the information trustworthy ?
  4. Which drug was discovered to pose a danger to teenagers in 2015?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • 34 trials (P1)
  • Pose a danger (P1)
  • Suicidal thoughts (P1)
  • Monitored closely (P2)

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Image source: by AP Photo/Darron Cummings, File http://www.newser.com/story/226396/most-antidepressants-for-kids-teens-dont-work.html

11 Signs You Are A Person With High Aspirations

[Life ]

my-goals-and-aspirations-for-2015

Ambitions. Dreams. Plans. If these words drive and motivate you, then you definitely aspire to be successful. Being aspirational is one of the most positive qualities one can possess because it pushes you forward to become a better-equipped individual. Here are some signs that prove that you are an aspirational person.

  1. Whenever you daydream, you always imagine yourself as a famous personality who is being applauded by a large number of fans.
  2. You are so passionate about work that even your bosses and colleagues blindly trust you to finish anything that’s given to you.
  3. You get excited about learning new skills and handling new responsibilities and you hate mundane routine jobs.
  4. Your mind is always active, thinking about the next big jump in your career.
  5. You are not very patient and you like things to happen quickly, especially when it comes to your career growth.
  6. You always see the big picture. You know exactly where you want to be 5 years down the line.
  7. You always take out time to introspect about your strengths and weaknesses so that you can become better.
  8. You always aim to be one step ahead of others.
  9. Your dream goal is to be known as the best in your field.
  10. Though you might be loaded with responsibilities, you still look for a way to move ahead in your field.
  11. Your ultimate aim is to build a weighty resume with which you don’t have to go out and look for jobs. Rather, the jobs should come looking for you.

WORDS: 265

SOURCE: http://www.indiatimes.com/lifestyle/self/11-signs-you-are-a-person-with-high-aspirations-256186.html

VOCABULARY: aspirational, applauded, mundane, introspect, weighty

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you agree or disagree with the 11 signs? Why?
  3. Which of these signs do you possess? Explain why.
  4. In your opinion, do you think it’s important to have a weighty resume? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Your co-workers have full faith in you to complete your work assignments. Which sign is this one?
  2. Being ambitious means you like ordinary daily schedules. (T or F)
  3. What is the ultimate ambition of an aspirational person?
  4. Jobs will find you instead of you finding them. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Better-equipped individual (intro)
  • Large number of fans (#1)
  • blindly trust (#2)
  • Big picture (#6)
  • One step ahead of others (#8)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/650/1*10V_DfQ66EhOOBq2kCzaDA.jpeg

Microsoft Buying LinkedIn for $26B

[Business ]

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(P1) Microsoft has just announced one of the biggest deals in its history, per the Telegraph. The company says it will buy LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in cash, or $196 per share, a 50% improvement on its closing price Friday, reports the Wall Street Journal. Microsoft says LinkedIn will “retain its distinct brand, culture, and independence,” while CEO Jeff Weiner will keep his post, reporting to Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella. The deal, approved by both boards and subject to approval by LinkedIn’s shareholdersis expected to close by the end of the year.

(P2) “I’ve been thinking about this for a long time,” Nadella says in a video. “The LinkedIn team has grown a fantastic business centered on connecting the world’s professionals,” he adds in a release. “Together we can accelerate the growth of LinkedIn, as well as Microsoft Office 365 and Dynamics as we seek to empower every person and organization on the planet.” Weiner adds there’s “a lot of excitement” surrounding the deal, which will let both companies “dream big.” LinkedIn’s shares jumped 48% to $194.28 as the deal was announced, while Microsoft’s shares fell 3.3%, per Reuters.

WORDS: 188

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226586/microsoft-buying-linkedin-for-26b.html

VOCABULARY: retain, distinct, boards, shareholders, accelerate, empower, shares

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you use Linkedin? Why or why not?
  3. In your opinion, will the growth of Linkedin accelerate now that they are a part of Microsoft? Why or why not?
  4. Are there advantages to using the internet to find jobs? Why are why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How much will Microsoft pay to purchase Linkedin?
  2. Linkedin will not have the freedom to run its business. (T or F)
  3. Who is the Chief Executive Officer of Linkedin?
  4. The CEO of Microsoft made a quick decision to buy Linkedin. (T or F)
  5. Both companies saw a drop in the value of their shares after the deal was announced. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Closing price (P1)
  • To close by the end of the year (P1)
  • He adds in a release (P2)
  • Dream big (P2)

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Image source: Microsoft https://news.microsoft.com/2016/06/13/microsoft-to-acquire-linkedin/#sm.0000rvgo7h1e3pcsry7l34ldw47gg#QDiJhcYWLpqEGrQv.97

Worst Mass Shooting in US History: Toll in Fla. Soars to 50

[World News ]

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(P1) Sunday morning’s bloodbath at Pulse Orlando nightclub was far bloodier than police initially indicated, with the city mayor now confirming at least 50 casualties in what is now the worst mass shooting in American history, reports the AP. At least 53 people have been hospitalized. “There’s blood everywhere,” Mayor Buddy Dyer told a news conference. The gunman has been identified as Omar Mateen of Port St. Lucie, Fla., an American citizen born to Afghan parents, reports ABC News, which characterizes Mateen as “on the radar” of authorities, though not on a specific watchlist or subject of an investigation. “It appears he was organized and well-prepared,” Orlando’s police chief tells CNN, adding that Mateen had an assault weapon, handgun, and “some type of (other) device on him.” Florida Gov. Rick Scott is en route to the scene and says in a statement that “We will devote every resource available to assist with the shooting in Orlando.”

WORDS: 155

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226536/worst-mass-shooting-in-us-history-toll-in-fla-soars-to-50.html

VOCABULARY: bloodbath, initially, casualties, watchlist, en route, devote

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think this was an act of terrorism? Why or why not?
  3. It’s legal to buy and own guns in the USA. Do you agree or disagree with this? Why or why not?
  4. Is it legal to own guns in your country? If yes, explain the law.

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. The murders occurred on a Saturday night. (T or F)
  2. What is the name of the discotheque?
  3. The gunman wasn’t a citizen of the USA. (T or F)
  4. What’s the name of the governor of Florida?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Toll in Fla. soars to 50 (Title)
  • Worst mass shooting
  • “on the radar”
  • Subject of an investigation

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Image source: by “unknown” https://media1.fdncms.com/arktimes/imager/u/original/4447310/screen_shot_2016-06-12_at_7.41.14_am.png

The ‘Most Miserable’ Airport in America Has Been Named

[Travel ]

AERIALS OF EWR, WTC, LGA, JAMAICA STATION, JFK, GWB 8/7/07

(P1) If you have to fly this summer, a new ranking suggests you might want to steer clear of Newark International Airport. The New Jersey airport has been named the most miserable in the country by MilesCards.com, which has ranked the 50 busiest US airports since 2010, focusing on things like on-time arrivals, departure delays, wait times for taxis, and the time it takes to make it to the gate. Newark came out with a Misery Score of 95 out of 100 but was followed closely by LaGuardia, JFK International, and Chicago’s O’Hare, each with a score of 94, reports Travel and Leisure. LaGuardia and JFK were tied for the longest wait before take-off, reports the Huffington Post.

(P1) On the other hand, as the largest hub airport for the Northeast, Newark receives flights from smaller cities that can cause additional delays, the director of MilesCards.com tells NJ.com. Just 68% of Newark’s flights departed on time, while delays were also reported at security. Fliers on the West Coast should have better luck. The least miserable airports were in San Jose, Portland, and Sacramento, while Honolulu’s airport ranked best in on-time travel.

WORDS: 186

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/225877/the-most-miserable-airport-in-america-has-been-named.html

VOCABULARY: ranking, miserable, on-time, take-off, hub, director, fliers

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Why do you think some airports are busier than others?
  3. Have you ever had a miserable traveling experience? If yes, explain.
  4. Do you like to travel by airplane? Why are why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who stated Newark International Airport is the most miserable?
  2. The rankings were based on criteria like late arrival times, late departure times, and availability of taxis. (T or F)
  3. What grade did Newark Airport receive?
  4. What percent of flights left on-time from Newark?
  5. Sacramento Airport was ranked first for being on-time (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Steer clear (P1)
  • Came out (P1)
  • Followed closely (P1)
  • Tied for the longest wait (P1)
  • On the other hand (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://nj1015.com/weather-causes-flight-delays-damages-plane-at-newark-airport/

World’s ‘most wanted’ people smuggler arrested

[World News ★★]

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(P1) Police in Sudan arrested the world’s most wanted person smuggler, Mered Medhanie, 35, from Eritrea. His nickname is ‘The General’ because of the way he plans smuggling. His actions caused hundreds of migrant deaths. Migrants are people trying to go to Europe for a better life. Police found Mered in a secret hideout in Sudan’s capital city Khartoum. They worked with Britain’s National Crime Agency (NCA) and intelligence services.

(P2) Mered is now in Italy. He could go to prison for a long time. He smuggled thousands of migrants from Africa and the Middle East to Europe. His price was up to $5,500 per person for the dangerous journey. The NCA said Mered was a high-level human trafficker who did not care about people’s lives. Italian police said Mered wanted to make a huge amount of money from his activities. His plan was to move to Sweden, where his wife lives.

WORDS: 150

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1606/160610-people-smuggler-1.html

VOCABULARY: arrested, smuggler, nickname, migrant, hideout, journey, human trafficker, huge

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you have a nickname? If so, what is it and why do people call you that name?
  3. Should Mered Medhanie go to prison for a long time? Why or why not?
  4.  Why do some people treat other people bad?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Medhanie was captured in Sudan. (T or F)
  2. What other name was given to Medhanie?
  3. Where was Medhanie hiding?
  4. Medhanie is currently in France. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Most wanted person (P1)
  • Go to prison for a long time (P2)
  • His price was up to (P2)
  • High-level human trafficker (P2)

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Image source: by “unknown” http://pbs.twimg.com/media/Ckb_PDXWkAAMjqW.jpg