Week94

[Animals ★] Singing to elephants

[Entertainment ★] Disneyland in China

[World News ★★] U.N. says refugee numbers at record level

[World News ★★] Problems in Venezuela

[Lifestyle ★★] Italian restaurant named as best in the world

[People ★★★] A Drunk Customer Left a $1000 Tip, then He Tried to Take It Back

[Science ★★★] The Key to Flavorful Coffee? Scientists Say Cool Beans

[Sports ★★★] LeBron, Cleveland Make NBA History

[Business ★★★★] VW To Kill 40 Models–Handelsblaat

[Technology & Travel ★★★★] Tech companies partner to deliver turbulence reports to pilots

Tech companies partner to deliver turbulence reports to pilots

[Technology & Travel ★]

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(P1) In-flight WiFi provider Gogo is partnering with IBM’s The Weather Company to deliver real-time turbulence reports directly to pilots.

(P2) Under the deal, Gogo will incorporate Weather’s patented turbulence detection algorithm software, called Turbulence Auto PIREP System (TAPS), into its communications server. That will enable Gogo-equipped planes to automatically deliver real-time turbulence reports directly to a Weather Company server. From there, The Weather Company will relay the information to airlines, dispatchers and privately owned planes that purchase the service.

(P3) Though only Gogo-equipped planes can relay the reports as they pass through turbulence, any airplane owner or airline that has WiFi connectivity can subscribe to receive the reports, said Gogo spokesman Dave Mellin.

(P4) Gogo vice president of connected aircraft Andrew Kemmetmueller heralded the new system in prepared remarks. “In this increasingly connected world, it’s no longer just about passenger connectivity. We have to consider all the other ways we can leverage the available technology to enhance the overall flight experience and improve safety — such as a connected aircraft,” he said. “Our ability to provide access to real-time data through our network will help pilots and operations teams improve flight planning, and ultimately, help airlines deliver the best in-flight customer experience throughout a flight.”

(P5) Initially, private planes with Gogo systems will be the only ones relaying turbulence reports. The Installation will begin in the fourth quarter. The relaying software will eventually be expanded into aircraft owned by Gogo’s 17 commercial airline customers, Mellin said.

(P6) Each year, turbulence incidents cost airlines approximately $100 million due to crew and passenger injuries, unscheduled maintenance, operational inefficiencies and revenue lost while planes are out of service, Gogo and the Weather Company said.

(P7) National Transportation Safety Board data shows that 65 people sustained serious injuries over U.S. skies between 2013 and 2015 due to turbulence. This spring brought a rapid-fire series of high profile turbulence incidents around the world, including one on an Etihad flight over Indonesia in which 10 people were hospitalized and 31 were injured.

(P8) Most turbulence-related injuries occur when planes hit what is called “clear air turbulence,” which is invisible to radar or the eye, unlike the turbulence generated by storms.

WORDS: 356

SOURCE: http://www.travelweekly.com/Travel-News/Airline-News/Tech-companies-partner-to-deliver-turbulence-reports-to-pilots?ct=tech

VOCABULARY: turbulence, patented, algorithm, dispatchers, heralded, leverage, sustained

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you or somebody you know experienced bad turbulence on a flight? If yes, provide more details.
  3. Should this technology be mandatory on all planes? Why or why not?
  4.  Do you think airline flight attendants should monitor seat belt usage better when people are sitting? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Who is Gogo teaming up with?
  2. What is the abbreviation of The Weather Company’s turbulence software?
  3. Gogo has 27 commercial airline clients. (T or F)
  4. What is the estimated amount of money airlines lose each year due to turbulence?
  5. Both storm and clear air turbulence are visible to pilots. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Real-time (P1)
  • In-flight (P4)
  • High profile (P7)

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Image source: Shutterstock CNNMoney http://money.cnn.com/2016/06/16/technology/weather-company-gogo-turbulence/

VW To Kill 40 Models–Handelsblaat

[Business ★]

volkswagen-makes-comeback-with-evs-automated-driving

(P1) VW management has decided to scrap 40 of the company’s approximately 340 models. The German car company owns a number of nameplates which include VW, Porsche, and Audi. The decision comes as a diesel fuel emissions scandal has rocked the world’s largest car manufacturer which holds 24% of the EU market. The scandal has caused VW to post a $18 billion write-down already.

(P2) According to German paper Handelsblaat, the cuts are part of a plan called “Together–Strategy 2025” The paper also says VW will focus more on electric cars and self-driving ones.

(P3) The plan faces hurdles. The first is the battering VW has taken over the diesel debacle. Its brand may have been so badly damaged that sales could be undermined for years. Across the globe, nation after nation has started investigations of VW, and the legal battles may not be entirely settled by the end of this decade.

(P4) The second problem is a combination of factors which could make electric and self-driving sales slow. Sales of electric cars are in their infancy. It remains unclear whether these vehicles will merely be niche models like those produced by Tesla (NASDAQ: TSLA). This could be a particularly major trouble if gas prices stay low.

(P5) Nearly every major global manufacturer has jumped into the electric car and self-driving car business.  Even if sales of these do rise, VW will find itself in a crowded market, and one in which pricing could make its margins low.

(P6) While VW has impressive sales in the EU and China, whatever plans it makes may not affect U.S. sales. In America, is market share is only 2% and falling. And, it only sells a tiny number of its models here. So, as far as the U.S. it barely makes any difference how many models VW cuts.  A change in its lineup won’t do a thing to help it in the world’s second-largest car market.

WORDS: 317

SOURCE: http://247wallst.com/autos/2016/06/19/vw-to-kill-40-models-handelsblaat/?yptr=yahoo

VOCABULARY: scrap, nameplates, write-down, hurdles, battering, debacle, undermined, infancy, niche, margins, lineup

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. What make and model of car do you own? Why?
  3. Do you like VW vehicles? Why or why not?
  4. Do you think there will be self-driving cars someday? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How many types of cars will VW eliminate?
  2. What is the name of the strategy VW will implement?
  3. VW has 3 barriers it needs to overcome. (T or F)
  4. Which 2 markets does VW have superb sales?
  5. 100% of the global car manufacturers are in the electric car market. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Has rocked the world’s largest car manufacturer (P1)
  • Across the globe (P3)
  • Crowded market (P5)

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Image source: by “unknown” https://www.empirecls.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/volkswagen2.jpg

LeBron, Cleveland Make NBA History

[Sports ]

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(P1) LeBron James and his relentless, never count them out Cavaliers pulled off an improbable NBA Finals comeback, and Cleveland is title town again at long last. James delivered on a promise from two years ago to bring a championship to his native northeast Ohio, and he and the Cavs became the first team to rally from a 3-1 finals deficit by beating the defending champion Golden State Warriors 93-89 on Sunday night to end a 52-year major sports championship drought in Cleveland. James almost single-handedly carried the Cavs back into this series and finished with 27 points, 11 assists, and 11 rebounds as the Cavs captured their first championship in franchise history and gave their city its first major sports winner since the Browns won the NFL title in 1964.

(P2) An emotional James fell to the floor when this one ended with a second win in six days on Golden State’s imposing home floor, surrounded by his teammates. Only seconds earlier, he went down in pain with 10.6 seconds left after being fouled by Draymond Green while going for a dunk, then came back out to make the second of two free throws. Kyrie Irving scored 26 points to cap his brilliant finals, including a 3-pointer over Stephen Curry with 53 seconds left. The Warriors made their last basket with 4:39 left.

WORDS: 219

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226912/lebron-cleveland-make-nba-history.html

VOCABULARY: relentless, improbable, comeback, rally, deficit, drought, single-handedly, franchise, imposing, fouled

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like basketball? Why or why not?
  3. If you like basketball, who is your favorite NBA team? Why?
  4. Why do sports players become emotional when they win?
  5. Which sports do you like? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Which USA State is the Cavaliers located in?
  2. Lebron is from Northwest Ohio. (T or F)
  3. When was the last championship team in Cleveland?
  4. The game was played in Cleveland. (T or F)
  5. How much time was left in the game when Golden State scored its last points?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Never count them out (P1)
  • Title town (P1)
  • First major sports winner since the Browns – American football team  (P1)
  • Home floor (P2)
  • 3-pointer (P2)

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Image source: by AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez http://www.newser.com/story/226912/lebron-cleveland-make-nba-history.html

The Key to Flavorful Coffee? Scientists Say Cool Beans

[Science ]

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(P1) Many of us, as Gizmodo points out, store our coffee beans in the fridge or freezer to keep them fresh. Now scientists say that may actually be giving us more flavorful cups of coffee, to boot, according to a study published in Scientific Reports. Researchers at the University of Bath tried grinding coffee beans kept at various temperatures, from room temperature to -320 degrees Fahrenheit. They found the colder the beans prior to grinding, the bolder the flavor of the resulting coffee, Phys.org reports. “Grinding coffee may seem quite straightforward,” the co-owner of a coffee shop involved in the study says. “But like the whole world of coffee, the subtleties of the process have a huge impact on the flavor and quality of the cup of coffee.”

(P2) The reason? Chilling the beans allows for “finer and more uniform” particles in grinding, allowing for more flavor compounds to be extracted during brewing. “Subtle changes in particle size distributions make a huge difference in the rate of extraction,” Phys.org quotes researcher Dr. Christopher Hendron as saying. Ergo, cold beans take less time to brew and can create more coffee. “We anticipate these results will influence the production of coffee industrially, as well as contribute to how we store and use coffee daily,” the study says. Boing Boing reports chilling beans will make a bigger difference in flavor with more “grind-sensitive” methods of brewing, such as espresso, as opposed to drip coffee. (Coffee may not cause cancer after all … unless it’s served above 149 degrees.)

WORDS: 252

SOURCE: http://www.newser.com/story/226726/the-key-to-flavorful-coffee-scientists-say-cool-beans.html

VOCABULARY: fridge, grinding, bolder, straightforward, subtleties, compounds, extracted

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like to drink coffee or tea? Why?
  3. Why do you think people like cold coffee?
  4. Why do you think so many people like to drink coffee in the morning?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. A lot of coffee drinkers put their coffee in a storage cabinet. (T or F)
  2. Which college are the researchers from?
  3. According to the article, what does keeping the coffee beans cold provide?
  4. Boing Boing states cold beans will not help to produce a better taste. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Points out (P1)
  • to boot (P1)
  • Room temperature (P1)
  • Drip coffee (P2)

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Image source: By Szymon Apanowicz

A Drunk Customer Left a $1000 Tip, then He Tried to Take It Back

[People ]

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(P1) Don’t drink and tip, that’s the moral of a story after a man left his waiter a $1,000 tip for a memorable meal at Denver’s Thailicious restaurant.

(P2) As reported by the Denver Post, the man paid the check for his dinner and tucked the tip into the check holder and left the restaurant. When the waiter picked it up off the table he got an eyeful of $100s. He immediately took the plus-sized tip to the owners. “He said he’d read a lot of stories like this, but usually, the tip is a couple hundred dollars, not $1,000,” owner Bee Anantatho told the Denver Post. “He was so happy.” The owner realized that the customer may have made a mistake, though, and held on to the tip just in case.

(P3) It was a smart move. As anyone who has scarfed down a Whopperito after midnight can attest, drunk people are known to make bad decisions. The next morning the man came back with hat in hand and asked for the money back. “He said, ‘I’m sorry, I was drunk”. said Anantatho. She returned the money to him and left the waiter a sizable tip of almost $40 on a $60 tab. While the customer may return to the restaurant, the staff will undoubtedly be slightly less happy to see him.

WORDS: 221

SOURCE: http://themexicantimes.mx/a-drunk-customer-left-a-1000-tip-then-he-tried-to-take-it-back/

VOCABULARY: memorable, tucked, eyeful, attest, sizable, tab, undoubtedly

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think the owner of the restaurant did the right by giving the man his money back? Why?
  3. Do you think the waiter did the right thing by telling the owner about the extremely large tip? Why?
  4. All of us have learned lessons in life. Explain about a lesson you learned in life.

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How much money did the person leave the server when he paid his check?
  2. What is the name of the owner of Thailicious?
  3. The man who gave such a large tip returned to the restaurant 1 week later to ask for it back. (T or F)
  4. In the end, how much money was given to the waiter for a tip?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Moral of a story (P1)
  • Check holder (P2)
  • Plus-sized – typically means extra large clothes for women – in this article it means extra large tip (P3)
  • Scarfed down (P3)
  • Whopperito (P3 – slang))

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Image source: Credit: Blend Images – Stewart Cohen/Pam Ostrow

 

Italian restaurant named as best in the world

[Lifestyle ]

osteria-francescana

(P1) A restaurant in Italy has been named as the best in the world. The Osteria Francescana restaurant was named number one at the World’s 50 Best Restaurants awards ceremony. The ceremony is like the Oscars of the food world. Italian food is loved worldwide, but this is the first time an Italian restaurant has won the annual prize. The Osteria Francescana came second in 2015. The chef, who is also the owner, is Mr. Massimo Bottura. He was very emotional when he collected his award. He said: “I want to thank everyone because it has been so hard. Our job is all about in the kitchen.”

(P2) Winning the award is good for business. The Osteria Francescana is fully booked until November. People must make a reservation six months in advance. Customers will fly to Italy just to eat at the restaurant. The judges gave Bottura the award for his creative and original food and traditional ingredients. Bottura makes amazing shapes with cheese. He creates, “forms and textures most diners will never have experienced.” One of his best-known dishes is a dessert called, “Oops, I Dropped the Lemon Tart“. The chef drops it from half a meter and it smashes on the plate.

WORDS: 198

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1606/160618-restaurants-2.html

VOCABULARY: awards, worldwide, annual, collected, judges, ingredients, textures, half, smashes

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like Italian food? Why or why not?
  3. Why do you think Italian food is so popular?
  4. Would you order the dessert, “Oops, I Dropped the Lemon Tart”? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. What is the name of the #1 restaurant?
  2. How many times per year is the award given?
  3. The chef owns the restaurant. (T or F)
  4. Bottura received the award for his restaurant because of its popularity. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • Oscars of the food world (P1)
  • Fully booked (P2)
  • Six months in advance (P2)
  • Lemon Tart (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” https://www.ilmangiaweb.it/osteria-francescana