İngilizce Nasıl Öğrenilir?

Bu yazımızda İngilizce’nin her alanında kendinizi nasıl geliştirebileceğiniz hakkında bilgi vereceğiz. İngilizce bir bütün. Okuma, yazma, dinleme ve konuşma becerilerinizin hepsini ilerletmeniz, İngilizcenizi de bir sonraki aşamaya taşıyacaktır.

Okuma

Seviyenize uygun İngilizce kitaplar alın. Mesela başlangıç seviyesindeyseniz çocuk kitaplarıyla başlayabilirsiniz. Çocuk kitaplarının içerik olarak ne kadar dolu olduğunu gördüğünüzde şaşıracaksınız! Mesela Küçük Prens bunlardan bir tanesi.

İnternette bu konuda verilen en büyük tavsiye gazete okumakken aslında bu gerçekleştirilmesi en zor alışkanlıklardan. İngilizce gazetelerin kullandıkları dil, ileri seviye okuyucuları bile zorlayabilecek türden. Bu noktada Türk gazetelerin İngilizce kaynaklarını okuyabilirsiniz. Mesela Hürriyet Daily News. Hali hazırda fikriniz olan konuları  bir de İngilizce okumak, hem İngilizce’nizi geliştirecek hem de gündem hakkında bilgi almanızı sağlayacaktır.

Sesli okuma yapmayı deneyin. Bu pek çok kelimeyi aslında okuyamadığınızı farketmenize sebep olacak. Ardından bu kelimelerin okunuşlarına ve anlamalarına bakabilir, tekrar ederek, okuma becerinizi pekiştirebilirsiniz.

Dinleme

Dinlemeyi geliştirmenin en keyifli yolu yabancı film veya dizileri altyazısız izlemek. Önce bunları Türkçe altyazı yerine İngilizce altyazı ile izleyerek başlayabilirsiniz. Ancak en büyük gelişme, tamamen altyazısız izlediğinizde ortaya çıkacaktır. Anlamadığınız noktaları tekrar tekrar izleyerek anlamaya çalışabilirsiniz.

Artık Podcast’ler ve sesli kitaplar moda! Podcast’lerde ilgi alanınızdaki bir İngilizce kanalı takip edebilirsiniz. Sesli kitaplardan da seviyenize uygun bir sesli kitap edinebilir; yolda, metroda, cafede kitabınızı okuyabilirsiniz. Trevor Noah’nın son kitabı ‘Born A Crime’ı deneyebilirsiniz. Hem anlaşılır İngilizce’ye hem de ilginç bir içeriğe sahip.

Yazma

İngilizce öğrenimindeki en can sıkıcı noktalardan biri yazma yeteneğini geliştirmek olabilir.

İnternet üzerinden İngilizce yazışarak sohbet etmek, ilk bakışta yararlı gözükse de, İngilizce’ye hakim bir kişiyle yapılmadığı sürece size yardımcı olmayacaktır. Hatta yanlış yaptığınız kalıpların daha da pekişmesine, kelimeleri ve dil bilgisi yapılarını yanlış öğrenmenize sebep olacaktır.

Yazma yeteneğinizi en iyi blog, öykü, günlük veya makale yazarak geliştirebilirsiniz. Eğer ki yazdıklarınızı, İngilizce’ye hakim bir kişi kontrol edebilirse, hatalarınızdan ders alabilir, yazma yeteneğinizi bir üst seviyeye çıkarabilirsiniz.

İngilizce Kelimeler

Bu İngilizce kelime ezberleme yöntemiyle düzenli olarak yeni kelimeler öğrenebilir, dağarcığınızı geliştirebilirsiniz. Yeni kelimeler öğrenmeniz, okuma, dinleme, yazma ve konuşma yeteneklerinize yardımcı olacak, sizin İngilizce’ye daha hakim olmanızı sağlayacaktır.

Öncelikle yeni kelimeleri bir deftere not edin. İnternette pek çok kelime öğrenme uygulaması mevcut. Bunları kullanabileceğiniz gibi kitap ve gazeteleri okurken karşılaştığınız yeni kelimeleri bir kenara not edebilirsiniz.

Kelime öğrenmekte en tavsiye edilen yöntem, kelimeyi gerçek hayatınızla bağdaşlaştırma ve bir örnek cümle kurmaktan geçiyor. Not ettiğiniz her kelime için bunu uygulayın ve cümlelerinizi de defterinize yazın. Mesela ‘refugee’ kelimesini gördüğünüzde, sadece anlamını ezberlemekle yetinmeyin. Kendi hayatınızdan, gerçek bir örnek bulun. ‘It’s pretty hard time Syrian refugees. They cannot go back to Syria and they cannot live peacefully in other countries.’ Bu cümleyi defterinize yazdıktan sonra zaman zaman defterinizi açıp bu cümleleri tekrar edin. Yavaş yavaş kelime dağarcığınıza yerleşecektir. Güncel konuşmanızda veya yazmanızda bu kelimeyi kullanmaya başlayın. Ve evet, artık öğrendiniz.

Konuşma

Türkiye’de en çok eksikliği çekilen alanlardan biri konuşma. Konuşmayı geliştirmenin en iyi yolu, düzenli aralıklarla konuşma pratiği yapmaktan geçiyor. Her gün 30 dakika konuşma pratiği yapmak, bir kaç ay içinde konuşma becerinizde ciddi bir gelişmeye yol olacaktır. Etrafınızda ana dili İngilizce olan kişiler varsa onlarla sık sık konuşmak çok faydalı olacaktır.

Aksansız konuşmayla, aksanlı konuşmanın arasındaki fark, bazı kelimeleri farklı telafuz etmekten geçiyor. Bu konuda biraz araştırma yapıp, Türkiye’de hangi hataların yapıldığını görebilirsiniz. ‘Th’ ve ‘w’ sesleri bunlara örnek. Bunları düzeltmeye çalışmanız, bunlar üzerine ekstra efor sarfetmeniz sizi zamanla aksanız yapacak, ana diliniz İngilizce’ymiş gibi konuşuyor olacaksınız.

Cambly’de yabancı hocalarla birlikte İngilizce’ni geliştirmek için tıkla. 

Week123

[Environment ★] Car Ban in Madrid

[World News ★] Scissors Inside Man

[Thoughts ★★] Zombies would wipe out humans in 100 days

[Technology & Environment ★★] Swedish Taxi-pod

[Geography ★★] The Hudson Bay – Canada’s Icebox

[Places ★★★] Queen Says ‘Friendly’ Ghosts Haunt This Palace

[Sports ★★★] Cyclist Born in 1911 Sets World Record

[Lifestyle ★★★] New Year’s Resolutions

[Health ★★★★] Is Spirulina a Miracle Cure-all?

[Literature ★★★★] Delhi’s Jamia Millia teaching Bob Dylan’s songs as literature long before Nobel recognition

Car Ban in Madrid

[Environment ★]

90_air-pollution

(P1) There is too much pollution in Madrid. That is why there is a ban on some cars now. These cars cannot go into Madrid on some days. The plan is to end the ban when the level of pollution is down.

(P2) Madrid is too warm now. This is unusual for this time of the year. That is why the level of pollution is high. It is above European Union pollution limits.

(P3) The speed limits on Madrid´s roads are also lower to reduce pollution. Madrid has almost 4 million cars plus almost 1 million trucks.

WORDS: 93

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/car-ban-in-madrid-level-1/

VOCABULARY: pollution, ban, level, limits, speed, reduce, trucks

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Is there pollution in your country? If yes, what kind?
  3. Do lots of people drive cars in your country?
  4. What are the speed limits in your country?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Madrid has a lot of _____________.
  2. When will the ban end?
  3. It is not warm in Madrid nowadays. (T or F)
  4. Cars and trucks have to drive slower or faster?
  5. How many trucks are in Madrid?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • is down (P1)
  • too warm now (P2)
  • this time of the year (P2)
  • speed limits

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: By Zakysant at the German Wikipedia – Uploaded by its author to the German Wikipedia as Air-pollution.JPG – Derivative works of this file: Air-PollutionEchappementTruck.JPG

Scissors Inside Man

[World News ★]

91_800px-thumbnail

(P1) This news is about a man. He is from Vietnam. He has a traffic accident. He goes to the hospital. Doctors operate on him.

(P2) He leaves the hospital. He is not OK. He is in pain.

(P3) Doctors take an X-ray of his belly. There are scissors inside him! The doctors left the scissors inside him 18 years ago!

(P4) The scissors must come out. The man goes to the same hospital. Doctors take out the scissors. Now the man is OK.

WORDS: 80

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/scissors-inside-man-level-1/

VOCABULARY: accident, operate, pain, x-ray, scissors

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Have you ever had an x-ray? If yes, on what part of your body?
  3. Have you ever had surgery? If yes, what for?
  4. Have you ever been in a car accident? If yes, were you injured?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. Where is the man from?
  2. When the man leaves the hospital, he is in ________.
  3. The x-ray was taken of his chest. (T or F)
  4. What was inside his belly?
  5. The man went to two different hospitals. (T or F)

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • goes to the hospital (P1)
  • leaves the hospital (P2)
  • inside him (P3)
  • doctors take out the scissors (P4)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: By U.S. Navy photo by Lt. Arwen Chisholm – This Image was released by the United States Navy with the ID 080622-N-0827C-031

Zombies would wipe out humans in 100 days

[Thoughts ★★]

zombies

Image source: by “unknown” http://www.ripzombie.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/zombies.jpg

(P1) Zombies are only in horror movies. Or are they? An article in a university physics journal predicts that zombies could kill most of us in 100 days. Students said there would only be 273 survivors of a zombie apocalypse. The students pretended zombies were a deadly virus. The virus infected someone. The person had a 90 percent chance of giving the virus to another person. That person spread the virus around the world.

(P2) A professor explained why students wrote about zombies. He said: “We ask students to write short papers for the ‘Journal of Physics Special Topics’. It lets the students show off their creative side and use some of the physics they know.” It also gives students writing practice. The professor added that it tested how students use their understanding of physics in imaginary situations. This could help us in the future to prepare for disasters.

WORDS: 147

SOURCE: http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/1701/170110-zombies-1.html

VOCABULARY: wipe out (title), survivors, pretended, infected, imaginary, disasters

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you like TV shows and movies about zombies? Why or why not?
  3. What types of disasters occur in your country?
  4. What types (genres) of movies do you like? Why?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. How long would it take them to wipe out most humans?
  2. How many people would still be alive?
  3. Who explained the reason why the students wrote about zombies?
  4. Students wee able to practice their English ____________.
  5. What else could this writing assignment help with in the future?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • could kill most of us (P1)
  • that person spread the virus around (P1)
  • creative side (P2)
  • write short papers (P2)
  • prepare for disasters (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Swedish Taxi-pod

[Technology & Environment ★★]

89_800px-coco_taxis

(P1) Students in Goteborg, Sweden, need to travel in the busy city center. But now they do not need to take a bus or a taxi. They can use a Taxi-pod, a little yellow battery-powered car with three wheels.

(P2) The company, Burst, wants to solve the problem with traffic in big cities. It would like to offer a perfect service for short trips in the city.

(P3) People on buses usually travel a long way. They are not in a hurry and they do not need to get to their final point. For lots of people, it is very important to travel quicker.

(P4) This service is not only about speed. The makers of these cars also want to improve air quality. They also want to solve traffic jam problems.

(P5) One of the passengers thinks that the Taxi-pods are good for cleaner air, cheap, easy to use in the city, and fun.

WORDS: 150

SOURCE: http://www.newsinlevels.com/products/swedish-taxi-pod-level-1/

VOCABULARY: wheels, offer, trips, makers, improve

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Do you think taxi-pods are a good idea? Why or why not?
  3. How do you move around in a busy city?
  4. Would you buy a taxi-pod if they were available in your city? Why or why not?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

  1. The Taxi-pod moves on __________ wheels.
  2. Burst is the name of a ____________.
  3. A lot of people want to travel quickly. (T or F)
  4. The Taxi-pod is a service that’s not only concerned about faster transportation. (T or F)
  5. What 4 things did a user of the Taxi-pod say about the transportation?

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • battery-powered (P1)
  • solve the problem (P2)
  • a long way (P3)
  • their final point (P3)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: By Jongleur100 Own work – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coco_taxis.JPG

The Hudson Bay – Canada’s Icebox

[Geography ★★]

hudson-bay

(P1) The Hudson Bay is a large body of water in the northeastern part of Canada. It has an area of about 1.2 million square kilometers and is connected to the Atlantic Ocean. The Hudson Bay is very shallow. Although it is a part of the open sea, the salt level of The Hudson Bay is low because many rivers bring fresh water into the bay. While the eastern coastline is rocky with many islands, the western coast is low and swampy.

(P2) Canada’s greatest body of water lies in the middle of the Canadian tundra. The Hudson Bay is, geologically, the center of the Canadian Shield, an area of Canada that consists of old rock formations.  The weight of the ice during the last Ice Age lowered the surface of the land. After the ice had melted, water filled the bay.

WORDS: 140

SOURCE: http://www.english-online.at/geography/hudson-bay/hudson-bay.htm

VOCABULARY: icebox, shallow, rocky, swampy, tundra, formations, melted

DISCUSSION QUESTIONS:

If you found the passage difficult to read or had problems understanding specific words or idiomatic expressions, please discuss them with your tutor. The following discussion questions should be answered in your own words and with your own arguments.

  1. Briefly, summarize the content of the article in your own words.
  2. Are there any big bodies of water in your country? If yes, describe one.
  3. Are there rock formations in your country? If yes, describe one.
  4. What are some large bodies of water in the world?

READING COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

  1. In what part of Canada is the Hudson Bay located?
  2. The Atlantic Ocean and the Hudson Bay are joined together. (T or F)
  3. The western part of the Hudson Bay is ___________ and __________.
  4. What is the Canadian Shield?
  5. The water in the Hudson Bay originally came from what?

EXPRESSIONS or PHRASES:

What do the following expressions or phrases mean?

  • northeastern part of Canada (P1)
  • connected to the Atlantic Ocean (P1)
  • eastern coastline (P1)
  • the weight of the ice (P2)
  • filled the bay (P2)

Cambly Practice Button

Image source: by “unknown” http://www.english-online.at/geography/hudson-bay/hudson-bay.htm